Kathleen McClure

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OBJECTIVE To develop the Crow's Feet Grading Scale for objective quantification of the severity of lateral canthal lines and to establish the reliability of this photonumeric scale for clinical research and practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 5-point photonumeric rating scale was developed to objectively quantify the severity of lateral canthal lines at(More)
BACKGROUND Melomental folds, or marionette lines, are one of the consequences of facial aging. The curvilinear wrinkles formed because of facial movements and the aging process extend downward from the oral commissures. OBJECTIVES To develop the Marionette Lines Grading Scale for objective quantification of the severity of melomental folds and to(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop the Lip Fullness Grading Scale for objective quantification of lip volume for a reliable assessment and to establish the reliability of this photonumeric scale for clinical research and practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 5-point photonumeric rating scale was developed to objectively quantify fullness of upper and lower lip separately.(More)
BACKGROUND As with other facial wrinkles, the gradual loss and disorganization of collagen fibers and elastin, connective tissues that provide underlying support for skin, cause horizontal forehead rhytides in large part. OBJECTIVES To develop the Forehead Lines Grading Scale for objective quantification of horizontal forehead rhytides at rest and with(More)
BACKGROUND One of the first areas to show facial aging is the periorbital region, where brow malposition contributes to the overall appearance of aging. Movement and positioning of the brows are also sex specific. Men may desire a low brow, whereas women may prefer high, arched brows. OBJECTIVES To develop the Brow Positioning Grading Scale for objective(More)
In the current debate about the abstractness of children's early grammatical knowledge, Tomasello & Abbott-Smith (2002) have suggested that children might first develop 'weak' or 'partial' representations of abstract syntactic structures. This paper attempts to characterize these structures by comparing the development of constructions around verbs in(More)
BACKGROUND Following the popularity of facial cosmetic procedures to reverse the signs of aging, cosmetic procedures that rejuvenate the hand are being sought. Irregular surface pigmentation, prominence of superficial veins and tendons, thinning of the dermis, and loss of subcutaneous fat typically characterize aging of the hand. OBJECTIVES To develop the(More)
This study tested the effects of preadmission teaching brochures on morning admission surgical patients' performance of specific postoperative exercises, teaching time, state anxiety, length of hospital stay, patient satisfaction, and return to functional status. The study participants were 38 women undergoing abdominal hysterectomies. Although the study(More)
This study measures the return on investment (ROI) of the Syracuse University library. Faculty and students at Syracuse University were surveyed using contingent valuation methodology to measure their willingness to pay in time and money for the services of the academic library. Their travel time and use of the online library was measured to determine the(More)
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