Kathleen M. Woods

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We have discovered and analysed two novel, linear extrachromosomal double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) within oocysts of major north Amercian isolates of Cryptosporidium parvum, a parasitic protozoan that infects the gastrointestinal tract of a variety of mammals, including humans. These dsRNAs were found to reside within the cytoplasm of sporozoites, and were(More)
We report here the molecular analysis of a Type I fatty acid synthase in the apicomplexan Cryptosporidium parvum (CpFAS1). The CpFAS1 gene encodes a multifunctional polypeptide of 8243 amino acids that contains 21 enzymatic domains. This CpFAS1 structure is distinct from that of mammalian Type I FAS, which contains only seven enzymatic domains. The CpFAS1(More)
An in-situ ELISA was used as a primary screen to test the effects of 101 antimicrobials and other agents on the development of Cryptosporidium parvum in vitro. Over 40 of the compounds displayed some form of anticryptosporidial activity, and dose-response curves were generated for 40 of these. The in-situ ELISA makes a highly effective primary,(More)
This study demonstrates that polyamine biosynthesis in Cryptosporidium parvum occurs via a pathway chiefly found in plants and some bacteria. The lead enzyme of this pathway, arginine decarboxylase (ADC) was sensitive to the specific, irreversible inhibitor DL-alpha-difluoromethyl-arginine (IC50 30 microM), and intracellular growth of C. parvum was(More)
An in situ enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to evaluate growth of Cryptosporidium parvum in vitro. Ninety-six-well tissue culture microtitre plates were each seeded with 4.0 x 10(4) human ileocecal adenocarcinoma (HCT-8) cells, then infected with CsCl-purified oocysts 24 h later. The growth medium consisted of RPMI 1640 supplemented(More)
AIM To compare commercially available serum-free media with common, standard, growth medium for their ability to support growth of Cryptosporidium parvum in HCT-8 cell cultures. METHODS AND RESULTS Twelve serum-free media formulations with or without additional supplements were tested against a standard growth medium containing 2% FBS in HCT-8 cell(More)
The ability of membrane antigens on sporozoites of the intestinal pathogen, Cryptosporidium parvum, to bind host cell surface antigens was investigated. A novel membrane-associated protein of approximately 47 kDa, designated CP47, was found to possess significant binding affinity for the surface of both human and animal ileal cells. This protein was(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether antiorthostatic suspension of C3HeB/FeJ mice for a period of 11 days affected macrophage and spleen cell function. We found that antiorthostatic suspension did not alter macrophage secretion of prostaglandin E2, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interleukin-1. Antiorthostatic suspension also did not affect(More)
We have identified three distinct cell phenotypes with respect to the conditions under which cells became susceptible to TNF-mediated lysis. These conditions include: 1) treatment with the protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide; 2) contact with activated macrophages, and 3) infection with vaccinia virus. Whereas vaccinia virus-infected 3T3 cells became(More)
We used major histocompatibility complex class II antigen-deficient transgenic mice to show that in vitro natural killer cell cytotoxicity and T-cell activation by staphylococcal exotoxins (superantigens) are not dependent upon the presence of major histocompatibility complex class II molecules. T cells can be activated by exotoxins in the presence of(More)