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BACKGROUND Treatment guidelines recommend stopping all implicated antibiotics at the onset of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but many individuals have persistent or new infections necessitating the use of concomitant antibiotics (CAs). We used data from 2 phase 3 trials to study effects of CAs on response to fidaxomicin or vancomycin. METHODS(More)
We administered a spatial version of the Delayed Recognition Span Test (DRST), a working memory task performed abnormally by patients with basal ganglia disease, to a group of 96 HIV-seropositive and 83 seronegative subjects with a high prevalence of substance abuse. For comparison purposes, we also administered the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) and(More)
We studied the integrity of working memory operations in 38 HIV-seropositive and 20 seronegative drug users, using a modified version of the Tower of London task. This new task, the Tower of London-Working Memory version (TOL-WM), includes a delayed-response component in addition to the planning required for successful performance of the standard TOL.(More)
We evaluated subclinical mental and motor slowing in 142 HIV-seropositive patients without dementia, using computerized simple and choice reaction time tasks and self-report measures of psychological distress. Patients on antiretroviral therapy at the time of testing (n = 79) had significantly faster choice reaction times (p < 0.05), indicating faster(More)
Rabbits were rendered hypertensive by suprarenal coarctation of the abdominal aorta. Seven days later, endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vascular relaxations were examined in vascular rings taken from hypertensive (thoracic aorta, carotid artery) and normotensive (abdominal aorta) regions. Relaxation of phenylephrine-contracted rings in(More)
Recent evidence suggests that HIV-seropositive drug users are impaired on tasks of visuospatial working memory compared with drug users seronegative for HIV. In the current study we evaluated the performance of 30 HIV-seropositive male drug users and 30 risk-matched seronegative controls on two measures of verbal working memory, the Listening Span and the(More)
Platelets are suggested to exacerbate ischemia-induced myocardial injury, which has led to the study of various antiplatelet therapies including thromboxane synthetase inhibitors (TXSI). Two such agents, benzylimidazole and OKY-046, reduce infarct size commensurate with a diminution in serum thromboxane B2 formation in anesthetized dogs subjected to 90(More)
Neutrophils accumulate in myocardium rendered ischemic and reperfused. Activated neutrophils release mediators such as metabolites of oxygen that can compromise myocellular integrity and provoke cardiac dysfunction. Although it is established that leukopenia reduces infarct size, the role of leukocytes and the source of free radicals in postischemic(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) continues to be a frequent and potentially severe infection. There is currently no validated clinical tool for use at the time of CDI diagnosis to categorize patients in order to predict response to therapy. METHODS Six clinical and laboratory variables, measured at the time of CDI diagnosis, were combined(More)
Fidaxomicin causes less disruption of anaerobic microbiota during treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) than vancomycin and has activity against many vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). In conjunction with a multicenter randomized trial of fidaxomicin versus vancomycin for CDI treatment, we tested the hypothesis that fidaxomicin promotes(More)