Kathleen M Macleod

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to determine whether increased activation of the RhoA/Rho-kinase (ROCK) pathway occurs in diabetic cardiomyopathy and whether acute inhibition of this pathway improves contractile function of the diabetic heart. METHODS Male Wistar rats were made diabetic with streptozotocin. Twelve to fourteen weeks later,(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the receptor subtype mediating enhanced contractile responses of aortae and mesenteric arteries from diabetic rats to the alpha-adrenoceptor agonists, norepinephrine, clonidine, and methoxamine and to establish whether the enhanced responses are associated with increased release of intracellular Ca2+ or are(More)
The influence of insulin treatment on the reactivity of aortae and mesenteric arteries from rats with chronic streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetes was examined. Ninety days after the onset of diabetes, the responsiveness (developed tension [g]/cross-sectional area of tissue [mm2] ) but not the sensitivity (pD2 value) of both aortae and mesenteric arteries(More)
Endothelium-derived relaxing factors (EDRFs) have been previously shown to exert an inhibitory influence on the contractile effects of alpha-adrenoceptor agonists in vascular smooth muscle. alpha 2-Adrenoceptor agonists such as clonidine have been reported to be particularly susceptible to this effect, and it has been suggested that clonidine acts on alpha(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired cardiovascular function in diabetes is partially attributed to pathological overexpression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cardiovascular tissues. We examined whether the hyperglycemia-induced increased expression of iNOS is protein kinase C-beta(2) (PKCbeta(2)) dependent and whether selective inhibition of PKCbeta reduces(More)
OBJECTIVES The RhoA/ROCK pathway contributes to diabetic cardiomyopathy in part by promoting the sustained activation of PKCβ2 but the details of their interaction are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate if over-activation of ROCK in the diabetic heart leads to direct phosphorylation and activation of PKCβ2, and to determine if their(More)
The influence of experimental diabetes induced by streptozotocin on responses of rat isolated aortae and portal veins to noradrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine, and KCl was examined 7, 100, 180, and 360 days after the onset of diabetes. No significant changes in reactivity were seen 7 days after the onset of diabetes. After 100 days aortae from diabetic rats(More)
Previous studies from this laboratory have demonstrated an enhancement in both the contractile and signaling response to stimulation of either alpha-1 adrenoceptors or guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) in arteries from male Wistar rats with 12 to 14 weeks of streptozotocin-induced diabetes. The purpose of the present investigation was to(More)
Cyclic GMP (cGMP) has been proposed to be involved in mediating negative inotropic responses to muscarinic agonists in the presence of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-generating agents in the heart. In order to investigate this hypothesis, the effects of the novel cGMP lowering agent, LY83583, on carbachol-induced increases in cGMP levels and decreases in tension were(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the increased contractile responsiveness of aortae from male rats with 12-14 week streptozotocin-induced diabetes to noradrenaline is associated with alterations in phosphoinositide metabolism. The contractile response to noradrenaline (10 microM) in both the presence and absence of extracellular calcium(More)