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OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to determine whether increased activation of the RhoA/Rho-kinase (ROCK) pathway occurs in diabetic cardiomyopathy and whether acute inhibition of this pathway improves contractile function of the diabetic heart. METHODS Male Wistar rats were made diabetic with streptozotocin. Twelve to fourteen weeks later,(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired cardiovascular function in diabetes is partially attributed to pathological overexpression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cardiovascular tissues. We examined whether the hyperglycemia-induced increased expression of iNOS is protein kinase C-beta(2) (PKCbeta(2)) dependent and whether selective inhibition of PKCbeta reduces(More)
Multiple calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs) are expressed at high levels and in complementary patterns in the auditory pathways of birds, mammals, and other vertebrates, but whether specific members of the CaBP family can be used to identify neuronal subpopulations is unclear. We used double immunofluorescence labeling of calretinin (CR) in combination with(More)
We previously reported that acute inhibition of the RhoA/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway normalized contractile function of diabetic rat hearts, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Protein kinase C (PKC) β(2) has been proposed to play a major role in diabetic cardiomyopathy at least in part by increasing oxidative stress. Further evidence suggests that PKC(More)
AIMS Recent studies from our laboratory demonstrated that increased expression of the small GTP-binding protein RhoA and activation of the RhoA/rho kinase (ROCK) pathway play an important role in the contractile dysfunction associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy in hearts from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported(More)
Previous studies from this laboratory have demonstrated an enhancement in both the contractile and signaling response to stimulation of either alpha-1 adrenoceptors or guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) in arteries from male Wistar rats with 12 to 14 weeks of streptozotocin-induced diabetes. The purpose of the present investigation was to(More)
OBJECTIVES The RhoA/ROCK pathway contributes to diabetic cardiomyopathy in part by promoting the sustained activation of PKCβ2 but the details of their interaction are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate if over-activation of ROCK in the diabetic heart leads to direct phosphorylation and activation of PKCβ2, and to determine if their(More)
AIMS The presence of metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance and elevated levels of various vasoconstrictor G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists contributes to the development of hypertension. Recent studies have suggested a link between disease progression and activation of growth factor receptor signalling pathways such as the epidermal(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic treatment with prazosin, a selective α1-adrenoceptor antagonist, on the development of hypertension in fructose-fed rats (FFR). High-fructose feeding and treatment with prazosin (1 mg/kg/day via drinking water) were initiated simultaneously in male Wistar rats. Systolic blood pressure,(More)
The ability of the muscarinic agonist, carbachol, to overcome increases in tension and in cAMP produced in response to the adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, in rabbit papillary muscles was measured. Forskolin alone increased cAMP levels to a much greater extent than did a concentration of isoproterenol that produced an equivalent increase in tension.(More)