Kathleen M. Johnson

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Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated sediments remain a significantthreatto humans and aquatic ecosystems. Dredging and disposal is costly, so viable in situ technologies to dechlorinate PCBs are needed. This study demonstrates that nanoscale zerovalent iron (ZVI) dechlorinates PCBs to lower-chlorinated products under ambient conditions, provides(More)
The adaptive significance of adult hippocampal neurogenesis remains unknown. In the laboratory, it is influenced by a variety of environmental and physiological stimuli. In the wild, it may be influenced by the reliance on spatial memory and by environmental stressors. The one common denominator in both settings is that neurogenesis declines markedly with(More)
To evaluate the importance of external mass transport on the overall rates of contaminant reduction by iron metal (Fe0), we have compared measured rates of surface reaction for nitrobenzene (ArNO2) to estimated rates of external mass transport in a permeable reactive barrier (PRB). The rate of surface reaction was measured at a polished Fe0 rotating disk(More)
Mercury emissions from coal-fired electric generating utilities are a major uncontrolled source of mercury in the environment. This mercury may be contributing to serious health problems in segments of our society. The USGS is compiling information on mercury in coal that may be useful in developing strategies for reducing mercury emissions from coal use.(More)
We investigate the significance of in situ dissolution of calcium carbonate above its saturation horizons using observations from the open subpolar North Atlantic [sNA] and to a lesser extent a 3-D biogeochemical model. The sNA is particularly well suited for observation-based detections of in situ, i.e. shallow-depth CaCO3 dissolution [SDCCD] as it is a(More)
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