The following organizations and individuals are acknowledged for reviewing draft versions of these guidelines: Academy of Managed Purpose Drug product shortages can adversely affect drug therapy, compromise or delay medical procedures, and result in medication errors. Health care professionals are increasingly concerned about the clinical effect that… (More)
BACKGROUND Parenteral nutrition (PN), including intravenous lipid administration, is a life-saving therapy but can be complicated by cholestasis and liver disease. The administration of intravenous soy bean oil (SO) has been associated with the development of liver disease, while the administration of intravenous fish oil (FO) has been associated with the… (More)
BACKGROUND Premature infants are at increased risk for metabolic bone disease, with resulting delayed bone growth, osteopenia, and rickets. METHOD A systematic review of the best available evidence to answer a series of questions regarding neonatal patients at risk of metabolic bone disease receiving parenteral or enteral nutrition was undertaken and… (More)
Background—Children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) typically receive parenteral nutrition (PN) due to gastrointestinal toxicities. Accurate determination of resting energy expenditure (REE) may facilitate optimal energy provision and help avoid unintended overfeeding or underfeeding.
Since 2004, fish oil based lipid emulsions have been used in the treatment of intestinal failure associated liver disease, with a noticeable impact on decreasing the incidence of morbidity and mortality of this often fatal condition. With this new therapy, however, different approaches have emerged as well as concerns about potential risks with using fish… (More)