Kathleen M. Botham

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BACKGROUND The adipocyte-derived hormone leptin influences the behaviour of a wide range of cell types and is now recognised as a pro-angiogenic and pro-inflammatory factor. In the vasculature, these effects are mediated in part through its direct leptin receptor (ObRb)-driven actions on endothelial cells (ECs) but the mechanisms responsible for these(More)
The effects of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and chylomicron remnants on lipid accumulation in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) and in macrophages derived from the human monocyte cell line THP-1 were compared. The HMDMs or THP-1 macrophages were incubated with LDL, oxidized LDL (oxLDL), chylomicron remnant-like particles (CMR-LPs), or oxidized(More)
The overproduction of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) is a characteristic feature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to use a high-fat diet-induced model of NAFLD in rats to investigate 1) the influence of the disease on hepatic VLDL processing in the endoplasmic reticulum and 2) the potential modulatory effects of(More)
The biliary excretion of [3H] cholesterol carried in chylomicrons derived from palm oil (rich in long chain saturated fatty acids), olive oil (rich in monounsaturated fatty acids) or corn oil (rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids was studied in vivo in rats fed the corresponding oil in the diet for 21 days. The secretion of radioactivity into bile as(More)
Cyclic AMP has been implicated to a greater or lesser extent in the regulation of four key enzymes which interact to regulate intracellular cholesterol metabolism; HMG CoA reductase; ACAT; cholesteryl ester hydrolase; and cholesterol 7 alpha hydroxylase. The relationship between these enzymes and the sites where current evidence suggests that cyclic AMP may(More)
The effects of chylomicron remnants enriched in n-3 or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (derived from fish or corn oil respectively) on the secretion of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) lipid and apolipoprotein B (apoB) by rat hepatocytes in culture was investigated. Remnants were prepared in vivo from chylomicrons obtained from rats given an oral dose of(More)
The effects of chylomicron remnants (non-oxidised or oxidised) and oxidised low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) on the expression of mRNA for a wide range of genes believed to play a role in macrophage foam cell formation were compared using macrophages derived from the human monocyte cell line THP-1. Chylomicron remnant-like particles (CMR-LPs), oxidised(More)
The influence of chylomicron remnants enriched in n-6 or n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the expression of mRNA for the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr), LDLr-related protein (LRP), and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPAR(alpha)) was investigated in normal hepatocytes and after manipulation of the cellular oxidative state(More)
The influence of chylomicron remnants on lipid accumulation and synthesis and the activity and/or expression of mRNA for some of the key enzymes involved was investigated in the murine macrophage cell line J774. The effects of varying the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition and oxidation state of the remnants were also examined. Chylomicron(More)
The effects of chylomicron remnants on lipid accumulation in J774 macrophages, and the incorporation of radioactivity from remnant lipids radiolabelled with [3H]oleate into cellular lipids was investigated. After 24 h of incubation with chylomicron remnants, there was considerable accumulation of lipid within the cells as assessed by staining with oil red(More)