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To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are executive functions, including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children's executive functions: computerized training, noncomputerized(More)
Recent reports indicate that a considerable amount of heterogeneity exists amongst cardiac postganglionic neurons in their chemical coding patterns and electrical properties, and that some of these cells may serve in roles as sensory and interganglionic neurons as well as motor neurons. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether or not all of these(More)
We reexamined the attributable mortality of nosocomial candidemia 15 years after a retrospective cohort study performed at our hospital demonstrated an attributable mortality of 38%. For all episodes of nosocomial candidemia between 1 July 1997 and 30 June 2001, we matched control patients with case patients by age, sex, date of hospital admission,(More)
Animal models suggest that the brain is particularly neuroplastic early in development, but previous studies have not systematically controlled the auditory environment in human infants and observed the effects on auditory cortical representations. We exposed 4-month-old infants to melodies in either guitar or marimba timbre (infants were randomly assigned(More)
Accurate antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) and appropriate reporting of AST results for pathogens isolated from blood cultures are critical functions of the microbiology laboratory. We studied AST performance and reporting from positive blood cultures at hospital microbiology laboratories in Iowa. One hundred sixteen episodes of bacteremia from 14(More)
A novel clathrate phase, Ba8Au16P30, was synthesized from its elements. High-resolution powder X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy were used to establish the crystal structure of the new compound. Ba8Au16P30 crystallizes in an orthorhombic superstructure of clathrate-I featuring a complete separation of gold and phosphorus atoms over(More)
Two new zinc phosphides, La4Zn7P10 and La4Mg1.5Zn8.5P12, were synthesized via transport reactions, and their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. La4Zn7P10 and La4Mg1.5Zn8.5P12 are built from three-dimensional Zn-P and Zn-Mg-P anionic frameworks that encapsulate lanthanum atoms. The anionic framework of La4Zn7P10 is(More)
A new ternary compound, Li(1-x)Sn(2+x)As2, 0.2 < x < 0.4, was synthesized via solid-state reaction of elements. The compound crystallizes in a layered structure in the R3̅m space group (No. 166) with Sn-As layers separated by layers of jointly occupied Li/Sn atoms. The Sn-As layers are comprised of Sn3As3 puckered hexagons in a chair conformation that share(More)
Barium gold polyphosphide BaAu2P4 was synthesized from elements and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. BaAu2P4 crystallizes in a new structure type, in the orthorhombic space group Fddd (No. 70) with a = 6.517(1) Å, b = 8.867(2) Å, c = 21.844(5) Å. The crystal structure of BaAu2P4 consists of Au–P layers separated by layers of(More)
The short-range structure, connectivity, and chemical order in As(x)Te(100-x) (25 ≤ x ≤ 65) glasses are studied using high-resolution two-dimensional projection magic-angle-turning (pjMAT) (125)Te nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The (125)Te pjMAT NMR results indicate that the coordination of Te atoms obeys the 8-N coordination rule over the(More)