Kathleen H. Cox

Learn More
Asymmetric RNA probes, which contain only the mRNA coding strand, provide a large increase in hybridization efficiency in situ over that observed with either symmetric (both strands represented) RNA or DNA probes. Asymmetric RNA probes are synthesized in vitro by transcription from recombinants formed between sequences encoding sea urchin mRNAs and the(More)
We studied the temporal and spatial regulation of three mRNA sequence sets that are present exclusively, or at elevated levels, in the tobacco anther. One mRNA set accumulates in the tapetum and decays as the tapetum degenerates later in anther development. The second mRNA set accumulates after the tapetal-specific mRNAs, is localized within the stomium and(More)
Access to the powerful micro-array analytical methods used for genome-wide transcriptional analysis has so far been restricted by the high cost and/or lack of availability of the sophisticated instrumentation and materials needed to perform it. Mini-array membrane hybridization provides a less expensive alternative. The reliability of this technique,(More)
Macrophage stimulation by lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and hemoglobin (Hb) requires Toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2 and -4). There are two distinct temporal phases of interleukin-6 (IL-6) production. The first results in a slight enhancement of IL-6 secretion in response to LTA plus Hb compared to that with LTA alone and is TLR4 independent. The second(More)
The variant chicken kidney AE1 anion exchangers differ only at the NH 2 terminus of their cytoplasmic domains. Transfection studies have indicated that the variant chicken AE1-4 anion exchanger accumulates in the basolateral membrane of polarized MDCK kidney epithelial cells, while the AE1-3 variant, which lacks the NH 2 -terminal 63 amino acids of AE1-4,(More)
Four variant AE1 anion exchangers with predicted molecular masses of approximately 99, approximately 102, approximately 104, and approximately 108 kDa are expressed in chicken erythroid cells. These variant polypeptides differ in sequence only at the N terminus of their cytoplasmic domains. Molecular analyses have shown that transcripts derived from both of(More)
Molecular analyses have resulted in the isolation of two chicken stomach AE2 anion exchanger cDNAs, AE2-1 and AE2-2. The approximately 4.3-kilobase (kb) AE2-1 cDNA contains an open reading frame that encodes a predicted polypeptide of approximately 135 kDa that is homologous to AE2 anion exchangers from other species. The partial approximately 1.7-kb AE2-2(More)
BACKGROUND D-alanylated lipoteichoic acid is a virtually ubiquitous component of gram-positive cell walls. Mutations in the dltABCD operon of numerous species exhibit pleiotropic effects, including reduced virulence, which has been attributed to increased binding of cationic antimicrobial peptides to the more negatively charged cell surface. In this study,(More)
Immunoblotting analyses have demonstrated that antibodies specific for the chicken erythroid AE1 anion exchanger recognize multiple polypeptides ranging in size from approximately 95 to 112 kDa in chicken kidney. To determine the origin of this diversity, we have cloned and characterized the kidney AE1 anion exchangers. These studies have shown that the(More)