Kathleen F. Gaffney

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This study investigates the association that maternal-fetal attachment has with self-concept, state anxiety, and trait anxiety. One hundred third trimester pregnant women attending prenatal classes were studied. Data were collected by using three psychometric instruments: Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale, the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, and the State-Trait(More)
The aim of the current study was to examine the role of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) on overweight/obesity among US Hispanic children ages 2 and 4 years old. We used US nationally representative data from preschoolers enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort study. The findings revealed that a significantly higher(More)
In 1975 Meleis set forth a conceptual framework for nursing practice centered on the concepts of role insufficiency and role supplementation. Later, Millor introduced a parental role sufficiency model for nursing research in child abuse and neglect. Based on the works of Meleis and Millor, a nursing practice model is proposed that focuses on maternal role(More)
AIMS This study examines predictors of neonatal and postneonatal mortality among infants born to black, white, and Hispanic women. METHODS Linked birth/infant death records from North Carolina for the period 1999-2007 were the source of data. Logistic regression models were constructed to estimate the effect of maternal and infant characteristics on(More)
Despite public health initiatives targeting the harmful effects of alcohol exposure on fetal growth, 12 % of pregnant women report current alcohol use. For women who reported drinking alcohol prior to pregnancy, we examined several factors as predictors of three alcohol use patterns during the third trimester of pregnancy: cessation, reduction and no(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemic of overweight/obesity among U.S. children has led to an alarming increase in health-related consequences, including early-onset diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Recent research has identified the independent contribution of several maternal and child factors to the development of childhood overweight/obesity. Few studies,(More)
OBJECTIVE While socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity are known predictors of breastfeeding practices, the added disparity caused by the rising rates of obesity among women of childbearing age remains untested. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in breastfeeding initiation and duration among black, white and Hispanic women of low(More)
  • K F Gaffney
  • Journal of nursing scholarship : an official…
  • 2001
PURPOSE To identify infant health outcomes that have been empirically associated with environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in current international research literature. METHODS Reports of infant ETS exposure, obtained using computerized searches of CINAHL and Medline databases, were reviewed. Studies of infant health outcomes published between 1995(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research has shown that most women who stop or substantially reduce cigarette smoking during pregnancy return to previous levels of tobacco use soon after delivery. The determinants of postpartum tobacco use have not been adequately identified. To address this gap, the present study examined one potential contributor to postpartum smoking,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare stressful events, including violent episodes, experienced by pregnant Salvadoran women with those experienced by two other groups of low-income, pregnant women living in the United States (non-Salvadoran Hispanics and non-Hispanics) and to examine the association between episodes of violence and drug or alcohol use among the three(More)