Kathleen F Conklin

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We recently reported the identification of sequences in the chicken genome that show over 95% identity to the novel envelope gene of the subgroup J avian leukosis virus (S. J. Benson, B. L. Ruis, A. M. Fadly, and K. F. Conklin, J. Virol. 72:10157-10164, 1998). Based on the fact that the endogenous subgroup J-related env genes were associated with long(More)
A new subgroup of avian leukosis virus (ALV), designated subgroup J, was identified recently. Viruses of this subgroup do not cross-interfere with viruses of the avian A, B, C, D, and E subgroups, are not neutralized by antisera raised against the other virus subgroups, and have a broader host range than the A to E subgroups. Sequence comparisons reveal(More)
The endogenous avian provirus ev-1 is widespread in white leghorn chickens. Although it has no major structural defects, ev-1 has not been associated with any phenotype and is ordinarily expressed at a very low level. In this report, we describe a chicken embryo (Number 1836) cell culture containing both ev-1 and ev-6 which spontaneously expressed the ev-1(More)
A strong enhancer element is located within the long terminal repeats (LTRs) of exogenous, oncogenic avian retroviruses, such as Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) and the avian leukosis viruses. The LTRs of a second class of avian retroviruses, the endogenous viruses (evs), lack detectable enhancer function, a property that correlates with major sequence differences(More)
The endogenous viruses of chickens are closely related to the exogenous avian leukosis viruses (ALV) yet as a group differ from these viruses in their host range, growth rate, and oncogenicity. The present study was undertaken to determine the patterns of relationship among the genomes of endogenous and exogenous ALVs. Complete or partial T1 oligonucleotide(More)
A new subgroup of avian leukosis virus (ALV) that includes a unique env gene, designated J, was identified recently in England. Sequence analysis of prototype English isolate HPRS-103 revealed several other unique genetic characteristics of this strain and provided information that it arose by recombination between exogenous and endogenous virus sequences.(More)
The t(7;12)(q36;p13) is a recurrent abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) of childhood. The involved gene on chromosome 12 is TEL; the 7q36 partner gene has not been identified. We describe morphologic, molecular and cytogenetic characterization of two cases of 7q36/12p13-associated AML that provide important insights regarding the consequences of(More)
Oncogenic avian retroviruses, such as Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) and the avian leukosis viruses, contain a strong enhancer in the U3 portion of the proviral long terminal repeat (LTR). The LTRs of a second class of avian retroviruses, the endogenous viruses (ev) lack detectable enhancer activity. By creating ev-RSV hybrid LTRs, we previously demonstrated(More)
Retroviruses integrated at unique locations in the host genome can be expressed at different levels. We have analyzed the preintegration sites of three transcriptionally competent avian endogenous proviruses (evs) to determine whether the various levels of provirus expression correlate with their location in active or inactive regions of chromatin. Our(More)
Protein phosphatase I (PP1) is an essential eukaryotic serine/threonine phosphatase required for many cellular processes, including cell division, signaling, and metabolism. In mammalian cells there are three major isoforms of the PP1 catalytic subunit (PP1alpha, PP1beta, and PP1gamma) that are over 90% identical. Despite this high degree of identity, the(More)