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OBJECTIVE To determine premorbid prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with moderate and severe closed head injury (CHI), to determine incidence of ADHD 1 year after injury, and to characterize children who develop ADHD by demographic, neuropsychiatric, and outcome variables. METHOD Ninety-nine children who had severe(More)
The Children's Affective Lability Scale (CALS) is a 20-item parent report measure developed to assess affect regulation in children aged 6-16. It was normed with school children in regular education classrooms and with children hospitalized in a psychiatric facility. Internal-consistency reliability, split-half reliability, and two-week test-retest(More)
The purpose of this article is to describe theoretical and research bases for constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), to discuss key features and variations in protocols currently in use with children, and to review the results of studies of efficacy. CIMT has been found to be an effective intervention for increasing functional use of the hemiparetic(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize children who develop Secondary Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (S-ADHD) after severe and moderate closed head injury (CHI) according to neuroimaging variables. METHOD Ninety-nine children from 4-19 years who suffered severe and moderate CHI were prospectively followed for a year after injury. Premorbid psychiatric status(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationships among age at injury, neuroanatomic lesion location, and measures of executive function (EF) following paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS EF was assessed in 68 children (aged 7-15) with moderate-to-severe TBI 1 year post-injury. EF tests included: (1) Tower of Hanoi (TOH), a measure of problem(More)
A 16-item Children's Motivation Scale (CMS) was developed to evaluate level of motivation in children and adolescents. The study population consisted of a normative sample of 290 school children and a clinical sample of 165 child and adolescent psychiatric patients. Test-retest, internal consistency, and interrater reliability were fair to good for both(More)
A single-group pre- and post-test design was used to evaluate functional outcomes of a constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) protocol implemented in an outpatient therapy center. The participants were 29 children with hemiplegia, ages 1.6-19.1 years old. The less-involved upper limb was placed in a cast that was worn 24 hr a day, 7 days a week.(More)
Experimental and clinical evidence is accumulating that supports the assertion that the damaged human brain is capable of responding to sensory stimulation in a sufficient manner to result in sustainable and useful benefits. The intensity and duration of therapeutic maneuvers that elicit improvement are under active investigation. Recent studies in animals,(More)
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