Kathleen Boehme

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of global gene expression profiling for the characterization and identification of mutagens and promutagens in vitro. To enable detection of both mutagenic and promutagenic compounds, we cotreated HepG2 cells with a rat liver S9 fraction as metabolic activation system (MAS), supplementing the limited(More)
Amitrole was evaluated for carcinogenic potential in lifespan studies on Wistar rats, NMRI mice, and golden hamsters. At the start of the studies the animals were 6 weeks old. Amitrole was administered, mixed with pulverized chow, at dietary concentrations of 0, 1, 10, and 100 micrograms/g (ppm). Each treated group and control group consisted of 75 male and(More)
2 alpha,3 alpha-Dihydroxy-5 alpha-cholestan-6-one (3), which had the substitution pattern of brassinosteroids in the A/B-ring moiety, was transformed by Mycobacterium vaccae to give 2 alpha,3 alpha,6 alpha-trihydroxy-5 alpha-androstan-17-one (4) and 2 alpha-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione (5). The structures of these compounds were determined by(More)
The current genotoxicity tests of the standard in vitro battery, especially those using mammalian cells, are limited by their low specificity and highlight the importance of new in vitro tools. This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of HepG2 cells for assaying mutagens and promutagens. We determined P53 activity as surrogate genotoxicity endpoint in(More)
The formation of progesterone and 1-dehydroprogesterone from cholesterol in fermentation cultures of Mycobacterium aurum ATCC 25790 was studied with the aim of clarifying the microbial pathway. The C22-intermediate (20S)-20-carboxy-1,4-pregnadien-3-one was microbiologically converted via the undetectable corresponding aldehyde into the C22-alcohol. However(More)