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Children's mouthing and food-handling activities were measured during a study of nondietary ingestion of pesticides in a south Texas community. Mouthing data on 52 children, ranging in age from 7 to 53 months, were collected using questionnaires and videotaping. Data on children's play and hand-washing habits were also collected. Children were grouped into(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse events are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) are frequent, under-reported, costly, and largely preventable. Computerized tools expose effectively ADEs and can reduce their impact. METHODS RADARx is a Veterans Administration (VA) VistA-compatible M software program that integrates computerized ADE(More)
An environmental measurement and correlation study of nondietary ingestion of pesticides was carried out in a colonia in south Texas. The purpose of the study was to evaluate young children's exposure to environmental levels of organophosphate (OP) pesticides in the household. Samples were collected to measure levels of OP pesticides in housedust and on(More)
The role of children's activities in leading to pesticide exposure was evaluated by comparing pesticide loadings on the hands of children with the activities of the same children observed over a 4-h period. In all, 10 children ranging in age from 24 to 55 months were videotaped on the second day following a routine professional crack and crevice(More)
The bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis has been used as a microbial insecticide for half a century. However, limitations on its use against a pest such as Eldana saccharina Walker are that: a) B. thuringiensis is a soil-inhabiting organism and is therefore not persistent on plants, and b) the proteinaceous insecticide is degraded by sunlight when the(More)
Air and surface chlorpyrifos residues were measured for 24 hours following a 0.5 percent Dursban broadcast application for fleas inside a residence. Two of the three treated rooms were ventilated following application. Maximum air concentrations were measured 3-7 hours post-application. Peak concentrations in the infant breathing zone were 94 micrograms/m3(More)
An environmental measurement and correlation study of infant and toddler exposure to pesticides was carried out in a colonia south of the city of Laredo, Texas. As part of the study, homes were visited during the late spring or summer, and during the winter of 2000-2001. At each visit, families reported on their use of pesticides in and around the home and(More)
There are evidences for exposure to vehicular emissions and adverse cardiopulmonary health effects. This study attempted to further explore these effects on elderly. This study monitored personal PM(2.5) concentrations and ambulatory electrocardiograms continuously for 24 h on 1 working day in 3 separate weeks for 11 school crossing guards. Spirometry was(More)
Residential use of pesticides has increased substantially in the United States over the past twenty years. Contact with pesticide-treated turf may result in dermal exposures, particularly among children. This study evaluated wipe sampling and foliar wash techniques to measure chlorpyrifos on turf following insecticidal treatments with Dursban 4E. Residues(More)
While the association of eczema with asthma is well recognized, little research has focused on the potential role of inhalable exposures and eczema. While indoor air quality is important in the development of respiratory disease as children in the U.S. spend the majority of their time indoors, relatively little research has focused on correlated(More)