Kathleen Bishop

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Invariant NKT cells (iNKT cells) are innate T lymphocytes that are thought to play an important role in producing an early burst of IFN-γ that promotes successful tumor immunosurveillance and antimicrobial immunity. The cellular activation processes underlying innate IFN-γ production remain poorly understood. We show here that weak T cell receptor (TCR)(More)
Fat mass may be modulated by the number of brown-like adipocytes in white adipose tissue (WAT) in humans and rodents. Bone remodeling is dependent on systemic energy metabolism and, with age, bone remodeling becomes uncoupled and brown adipose tissue (BAT) function declines. To test the interaction between BAT and bone, we employed Misty (m/m) mice, which(More)
Osteocytes are derived from osteoblast lineage cells that become progressively embedded in mineralized bone. Development of the osteocytogenic cell line IDG-SW3 has enabled a temporal and mechanistic investigation of this process. Through RNA-sequencing analyses, we show that although substantial changes in gene expression occur during the osteoblast to(More)
Receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (Rankl) is a TNF-like factor that induces the formation of osteoclasts responsible for bone resorption. Although T cell activation up-regulates this gene, the molecular mechanism of its transcriptional control remains unknown. We used ChIP-chip analysis in mouse primary T cells and a T cell hybridoma to define the(More)
Virtually all of the known biological actions of the hormonal ligand 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) are mediated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Following binding and activation by the ligand, the VDR localizes in the nucleus to the regulatory regions of target genes and recruits chromatin-active coregulatory complexes which, in turn, modulate(More)
Targeted gene mutation in the mouse is a primary strategy to understand gene function and relation to phenotype. The Knockout Mouse Project (KOMP) had an initial goal to develop a public resource of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell clones that carry null mutations in all genes. Indeed, many useful novel mouse models have been generated from publically(More)
In our approach, each elementary structure is systematically associated with a lexical head. These structures specify extended domains of locality (as compared to a context-free grammar) over which constraints can be stated. These constraints either hold within the elementary structure itself or specify what other structures can be composed with a given(More)
1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) functions as a steroid hormone to modulate the expression of genes. Its actions are mediated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which binds to target genes and functions to recruit coregulatory complexes that are essential for transcriptional modulation. ChIP analysis coupled to tiled DNA microarray hybridization(More)
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) catalyzes the oxygenation of 1,4-dienes to produce conjugated diene hydroperoxides. The best substrates are anions of fatty acids; for example, linoleate is converted to 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoate. The manner in which SBLO-1 binds substrates is uncertain. In the present work, it was found that SBLO-1 will(More)
Progesterone (P4) stimulates proliferation of the mammary epithelium by a mechanism that involves paracrine signaling mediated from progesterone receptor (PR)-positive to neighboring PR-negative cells. Here we used a primary mouse mammary epithelial cell (MEC) culture system to define the molecular mechanism by which P4 regulates the expression of target(More)