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The perception of migraine headache, which is mediated by nociceptive signals transmitted from the cranial dura mater to the brain, is uniquely exacerbated by exposure to light. We found that exacerbation of migraine headache by light is prevalent among blind individuals who maintain non-image-forming photoregulation in the face of massive rod/cone(More)
The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brainstem. Genetic analysis has revealed two loci, SCA1 on chromosome 6p, and SCA2 on chromosome 12q, responsible for some ADCA. We present a four-generation kindred of 42 individuals, 12(More)
A heterogeneous group of neurological disorders known as the spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord and brainstem. We describe linkage analysis in four unusual SCA families revealing a distinct disease locus on chromosome 3p14-21.1. The disease in these families is distinguished from other forms of SCA(More)
Patients with 'visual snow' report continuous tiny dots in the entire visual field similar to the noise of an analogue television. As they frequently have migraine as a comorbidity with ophthalmological, neurological and radiological studies being normal, they are offered various diagnoses, including persistent migraine aura, post-hallucinogen flashback, or(More)
Opsoclonus is a rare but distinctive disorder of ocular motility. Although there are many reported cases of opsoclonus in children, there is no large series of cases in adults. In recent years, three cases of opsoclonus in adults have been identified at the University of Iowa, Iowa City. Review of 55 other cases of opsoclonus in adults reported in the(More)
We describe 29 men with pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) and compare them with aged-matched women with PTC and male control subjects. Pseudotumor cerebri occurs less frequently in men but in a similar age distribution. Although signs and symptoms of PTC are similar in men and women, men may require surgical treatment for impending visual loss. Black men appear to(More)
Nystagmus seen only with convergence is unusual. We describe four cases of acquired convergence-evoked pendular nystagmus in patients with multiple sclerosis. The nystagmus was horizontal and asymmetric in all patients. Eye movement recordings in one subject showed a conjugate rather than a convergent-divergent relationship of the phase of movement between(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose was to investigate whether serum vitamin A concentration is associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The secondary aim was to obtain pilot data regarding the amount of vitamin A ingested by patients and controls. BACKGROUND Vitamin A is an attractive candidate mediator of IIH as many of the symptoms and(More)