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The perception of migraine headache, which is mediated by nociceptive signals transmitted from the cranial dura mater to the brain, is uniquely exacerbated by exposure to light. We found that exacerbation of migraine headache by light is prevalent among blind individuals who maintain non-image-forming photoregulation in the face of massive rod/cone(More)
The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brainstem. Genetic analysis has revealed two loci, SCA1 on chromosome 6p, and SCA2 on chromosome 12q, responsible for some ADCA. We present a four-generation kindred of 42 individuals, 12(More)
A heterogeneous group of neurological disorders known as the spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord and brainstem. We describe linkage analysis in four unusual SCA families revealing a distinct disease locus on chromosome 3p14-21.1. The disease in these families is distinguished from other forms of SCA(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical features, visual characteristics, and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension patients with and without papilledema. BACKGROUND Idiopathic intracranial hypertension does not often occur without papilledema. This study estimates the prevalence and compares the clinical characteristics of idiopathic intracranial(More)
OBJECTIVE To report an unusual case of primary central nervous system non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in which the initial manifestation was panhypopituitarism. METHODS We present a retrospective case review and discuss similar cases from the literature. RESULTS A 64-year-old woman with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and peripheral and periorbital edema was found(More)
The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) includes a transcribed, translated CAG tract that is expanded in SCA7 patients. We have determined expansions in 73 individuals from 17 SCA7 kindreds and compared them with repeat lengths of 180 unaffected individuals. Subjects with abnormal expansions comprise 59 clinically affected individuals and 14 at-risk(More)
Patients with 'visual snow' report continuous tiny dots in the entire visual field similar to the noise of an analogue television. As they frequently have migraine as a comorbidity with ophthalmological, neurological and radiological studies being normal, they are offered various diagnoses, including persistent migraine aura, post-hallucinogen flashback, or(More)
BACKGROUND We used in vivo corneal confocal microscopy to investigate structural differences in the sub-basal corneal nerve plexus in chronic migraine patients and a normal population. We used a validated questionnaire and tests of lacrimal function to determine the prevalence of dry eye in the same group of chronic migraine patients. Activation of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings in thrombosis of the deep venous drainage of the brain. To highlight clinical and radiographic findings that may lead to the diagnosis of disease and distinguish it from dural sinus thrombosis. To review the published literature on this disorder. DESIGN Retrospective review of(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not diagnosed with IIH (n = 30) and with age-matched women of(More)