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Yeast kre mutants define a pathway of cell wall (1----6)-beta-D-glucan synthesis, and mutants in genes KRE5 and KRE6 appear to interact early in such a pathway. We have cloned KRE5, and the sequence predicts the product to be a large, hydrophilic, secretory glycoprotein which contains the COOH-terminal endoplasmic reticulum retention signal, HDEL. Deletion(More)
In the post genomic era, access to complete genome sequence data for numerous diverse species has opened multiple avenues for examining and comparing primary DNA sequence organization of entire genomes. Previously, the concept of a genomic signature was introduced with the observation of species-type specific Dinucleotide Relative Abundance Profiles(More)
Two germline retrotransposition mutations of recent origin were observed in 727 independent mutations (0.28%) in the human factor IX gene (F9) of patients with hemophilia B: 1) a 279 bp insertion in exon H originating from an Alu family of short interspersed elements not previously known to be active and, 2) a 463 bp insertion in exon E of a LINE1 element(More)
The molecular epidemiology of factor IX germline mutations in patients with hemophilia B has been studied in detail because it is an advantageous model for analyzing recent germline mutations in humans. It is estimated that mutations have been defined in the majority of nucleotides that are the target for mutation. The likelihood that a factor IX missense(More)
Mutants in the Big Blue transgenic mouse system show spontaneous clustered multiple mutations with unexpectedly high frequency, consistent with chronocoordinate events. We tested the prediction that the multiple mutations seen within the lacI mutation target sometimes occur in the context of chronocoordinate multiple mutations spanning multiple kilobases(More)
A total of 3497 independent spontaneous mutations were examined using the Big Blue transgenic mouse mutation detection system. Base substitutions predominate, although 16% of somatic and germline mutations are microdeletions, microinsertions, or deletions combined with insertions. The pattern of microdeletions and microinsertions is similar in both the lacI(More)
Copy number variation is an important dimension of genetic diversity and has implications in development and disease. As an important model organism, the mouse is a prime candidate for copy number variant (CNV) characterization, but this has yet to be completed for a large sample size. Here we report CNV analysis of publicly available, high-density(More)
To better define the time course of spontaneous mutation frequency in middle to late adulthood of the mouse, measurements were made at 10, 14, 17, 23, 25, and 30 months of age in samples of adipose tissue, liver, cerebellum (90% neurons), and the male germline (95% germ cells). A total of 46 million plaque-forming units (pfus) were screened at the six time(More)
Age is a major risk factor for heart disease, and cardiac aging is characterized by elevated mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) with compromised mitochondrial and nuclear DNA integrity. To assess links between increased ROS levels and mutations, we examined in situ levels of ROS and cII mutation frequency, pattern and spectrum in the heart of(More)
We created an Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Mutation Database (http://www.cityofhope.org/cmdl/egfr_db) that curates a convenient compilation of somatic EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and associated epidemiological and methodological data, including response to the tyrosine kinase inhibitors Gefitinib and Erlotinib. Herein, we(More)