Kathleen A. Butler

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BACKGROUND Ticagrelor is the first reversibly binding oral P2Y(12) receptor antagonist. This is the first study to compare the onset and offset of platelet inhibition (IPA) with ticagrelor using the PLATO (PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes) trial loading dose (180 mg) with a high loading dose (600 mg) of clopidogrel. METHODS AND RESULTS In a(More)
Ticagrelor [(1S,2S,3R,5S)-3-[7-[[(1R,2S)-2-(3,4-difluorophenyl) cyclopropyl]amino]-5-(propylthio)-3H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]-5-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-1,2-cyclopentanediol)] is a reversibly binding oral P2Y(12) receptor antagonist in development for the prevention of thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The pharmacokinetics,(More)
Aprepitant is the first NK1 receptor antagonist approved for use with corticosteroids and 5HT3 receptor antagonists to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The effective dose to prevent CINV is a 125-mg capsule on day 1 followed by an 80-mg capsule on days 2 and 3. Study 1 evaluated the bioavailability of the capsules and estimated the(More)
BACKGROUND The antiplatelet effects of the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial dose of ticagrelor in patients nonresponsive to clopidogrel and after they switch agents are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with stable coronary artery disease on aspirin therapy received a 300-mg clopidogrel load; nonresponders were identified by(More)
Ticagrelor (AZD6140) is the first reversibly binding oral P2Y12 receptor antagonist in development for reduction of clinical thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The purpose of our studies was to determine the effect of single-ascending doses of ticagrelor in healthy subjects. In two randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT The antiplatelet agent clopidogrel is currently the recommended treatment for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA) with clopidogrel is insufficient, which increases the risk for recurrent ischaemic events. Therefore, there is a need for antiplatelet agents with improved IPA.(More)
OBJECTIVES We prospectively assessed cardiac and pulmonary function in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with ticagrelor, clopidogrel, or placebo in the ONSET/OFFSET (A Multi-Centre Randomised, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy Parallel Group Study of the Onset and Offset of Antiplatelet Effects of AZD6140 Compared With Clopidogrel and(More)
INTRODUCTION Dapagliflozin is a first-in-class sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. A thorough QTc study was conducted, according to International Conference on Harmonization E14 guidelines, to characterize the effect of dapagliflozin on cardiac repolarization. METHODS The(More)
Ticagrelor, a P2Y(12) receptor antagonist, is approved in the European Union and the US for the prevention of thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Renal dysfunction potentially affects drug disposition. Ticagrelor pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety in renal impairment were assessed. A single 180-mg ticagrelor dose was(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotype on platelet function in patients treated with ticagrelor versus clopidogrel is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS CYP2C19 (*1, *2, *3, *4, *5, *6, *7, *8, *17) genotyping was performed in patients with coronary artery disease treated with ticagrelor (180-mg load, 90 mg BID) (n=92) or clopidogrel(More)