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Hemisection of the rat spinal cord at thoracic level 13 provides a model of spinal cord injury that is characterized by chronic pain attributable to hyperexcitability of dorsal horn neurons. Presuming that this hyperexcitability can be explained in part by interruption of descending inhibitory modulation by serotonin, we hypothesized that intrathecal(More)
Both acute and chronic administration of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists such as phencyclidine and dizocilpine have been proposed to mimic some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. The purposes of the present study were first, to characterize the long-term behavioral and neurodegenerative effects of subchronic administration of phencyclidine(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in abnormal locomotor and pain syndromes in humans. T13 spinal hemisection in the rat results in development of permanent mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia partially due to interruption of descending inhibitory modulators such as serotonin (5-HT). We hypothesize that lumbar transplantation of nonmitotic cells(More)
In the present study, the authors found that, in Mg++-free buffer, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) was able to evoke the Ca++-dependent and tetrodotoxin-sensitive release of striatal acetylcholine (ACh), presumably via interaction with receptors on cholinergic interneurons. In Mg++-free buffer containing pargyline, NMDA also evoked a Ca++-dependent and(More)
Perinatal administration of the N-methyl-Dd-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist phencyclidine (PCP) has been reported to produce regionally selective apoptotic cell death in the frontal cortex. The development of certain behavioral abnormalities following PCP treatment suggested that extracortical regions such as the striatum also could be affected. In(More)
The role of water channel aquaporin 1 (AQP-1) in uninjured or injured spinal cords is unknown. AQP-1 is weakly expressed in neurons and gray matter astrocytes, and more so in white matter astrocytes in uninjured spinal cords, a novel finding. As reported before, AQP-1 is also present in ependymal cells, but most abundantly in small diameter sensory fibers(More)
The effect of serotonin (5-HT) on the release of tritium from striatal synaptosomes previously loaded with [3H]dopamine ([3H]DA) was studied. 5-HT stimulated both the spontaneous and Ca(2+)-evoked efflux of tritium in a concentration-dependent manner. This effect was not mimicked by the non-selective 5-HT agonist, d-lysergic acid diethylamide. Further, the(More)
Schizophrenia is currently thought to be associated with a hypoglutamatergic state that is mimicked by acute phencyclidine (PCP), an antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subtype. In this study we tested the hypothesis that chronic treatment of rats with this antagonist may be a more appropriate animal model than acute exposure since it(More)
In this study, the regulation of striatal cyclic-3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) formation and GABA release by dopamine D1 and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) was studied in brain slices. In the absence of adenosine A2 receptor blockade, the mGluR agonist, 1-aminocyclopentane-1S,3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) stimulated cAMP accumulation(More)
One of the criteria defining mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in humans is a loss of consciousness lasting for less than 30 min. mTBI can result in long-term impairment of cognition and behavior. In rats, the length of time it takes a rat to right itself after injury is considered to be an analog for human return to consciousness. This study characterized(More)