Kathia Chaumoitre

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Cerebral maturation in the normal human fetal brain was investigated by in utero localized proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H MRS). Fifty-eight subjects at 22-39 weeks of gestational age (GA) were explored. A combination of anterior body phased-array coils (four elements) and posterior spinal coils (two to three elements) was used. Four sequences were performed(More)
Many believe that the fetus spine had only one curvature from cranial to caudal which is a global kyphosis and that the lumbosacral lordosis appears with the erect posture. They agree that the sacrum of Homo sapiens is not positioned posteriorly at birth and that it is during the first few years that the sacrum, in humans, moves dorsally in relation with(More)
This work reviews magnetic resonance imaging in the developing human brain. It focuses on fetal brain imaged in vivo and in utero with complementary sections on abnormalities seen in clinical settings, and on potential of diffusion tensor imaging and of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The main purposes are to illustrate the normal fetal developing(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a combination of a selected but limited number of anthropometric measurements predicts visceral adipose tissue (VAT) better than other anthropometric measurements, without resort to medical imaging. HYPOTHESIS Abdominal anthropometric measurements are total abdominal adipose tissue indicators and global measures of VAT and(More)
Les travaux de synthèse sur les caractères discrets post-crâniens sont assez rares dans la littérature et se concentrent plus particulièrement sur le membre supérieur. À partir de ce constat, il semble intéressant de regrouper toutes les connaissances actuelles cette fois-ci sur le membre inférieur, et notamment en ce qui concerne la distinction entre(More)
Juvenile age estimation methods used in forensic anthropology generally lack methodological consistency and/or statistical validity. Considering this, a standard approach using nonparametric Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) models were tested to predict age from iliac biometric variables of male and female juveniles from Marseilles, France,(More)
Les calcifications discales sont le plus souvent révélées chez l'enfant, par des crises douloureuses rachidiennes. Leur localisation cervicale, semble être la plus fréquente. Cependant, les autres localisations sont moins symptomatiques et pourraient ainsi passer inaperçues. Nous rapportons deux observations d'enfants hospitalisés pour des calcifications(More)
Most biometric age estimation methods used in anthropological and forensic science for juveniles are based on unidimensional measurements (length or width). Here, a new method using bidimensional data was tested. A 3D morphometric analysis was performed on 108 CT scans of ilium bone of juveniles (from 20 gestational weeks to 12 years old). The sample was(More)
Applying dry bone osteometrics to virtual bone surfaces obtained via medical imaging raises the question of consistency between the variables. Variables obtained from virtual bone surfaces also need to be sufficiently repeatable and reproducible to be valid for anthropological studies. This is also true for the landmarks defining these variables and for(More)
Determination of sex is one of the most important and challenging disciplines in biological anthropology. Creating a robust tool for sexing crania is crucial for forensic anthropology, especially in this period of migration, travel, and globalization, when different populations are mixed together in one region. Many different approaches to sex estimation(More)