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OBJECTIVE This study compared the prevalence and risk factors of current probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across different occupations involved in rescue/recovery work at the World Trade Center site. METHOD Rescue and recovery workers enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry who reported working at the World Trade Center site(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have consistently documented declines in respiratory health after 11 September 2001 (9/11) among surviving first responders and other World Trade Center (WTC) rescue, recovery, and clean-up workers. OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to describe the risk of newly diagnosed asthma among WTC site workers and volunteers and to(More)
Coastal storms can take a devastating toll on the public's health. Urban areas like New York City (NYC) may be particularly at risk, given their dense population, reliance on transportation, energy infrastructure that is vulnerable to flood damage, and high-rise residential housing, which may be hard-hit by power and utility outages. Climate change will(More)
A differential, time-invariant, surface electromyogram (sEMG) model has been implemented. While it is based on existing EMG models, the novelty of this implementation is that it assigns more accurate distributions of variables to create realistic motor unit (MU) characteristics. Variables such as muscle fibre conduction velocity, jitter (the change in the(More)
Spectral compression of surface electromyogram (sEMG) is associated with onset of localized muscle fatigue. The spectral compression has been explained based on motor unit synchronization theory. According to this theory, motor units are pseudo randomly excited during muscle contraction, and with the onset of muscle fatigue the recruitment pattern changes(More)
Air quality health impact assessment (HIA) synthesizes information about air pollution exposures, health effects, and population vulnerability for regulatory decision-making and public engagement. HIAs often use annual average county or regional data to estimate health outcome incidence rates that vary substantially by season and at the subcounty level.(More)
Reduction in the median frequency and the amplitude of surface electromyogram (sEMG) has been observed among older subjects compared with the younger cohort. These changes in sEMG have been associated with a reduction in the number of muscle fibers and a drop in the ratio of type II muscle fibers. However, the details of this association are not known. This(More)
Reduction in number of motor units (nMU) and fast fibre ratio (FFR) is associated with disease or atrophy when this is rapid. There is a need to study the effect of nMU and FFR to analyse the association with ageing and disease. This study has developed a mathematical model to investigate the relationship between nMU and FFR on surface electromyogram (sEMG)(More)
Heat waves can be lethal and routinely prompt public warnings about the dangers of heat. With climate change, extreme heat events will become more frequent and intense. However, little is known about public awareness of heat warnings or behaviors during hot weather. Awareness of heat warnings, prevention behaviors, and air conditioning (AC) prevalence and(More)