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We present new methods for reconstructing reticulate evolution of species due to events such as horizontal transfer or hybrid speciation; both methods are based upon extensions of Wayne Maddison's approach in his seminal 1997 paper. Our first method is a polynomial time algorithm for constructing phylogenetic networks from two gene trees contained inside(More)
We introduce a technique to visualize the gradual evolutionary change of the shapes of living things as a morph between known three-dimensional shapes. Given geometric computer models of anatomical shapes for some collection of specimens-here the skulls of the some of the extant members of a family of monkeys-an evolutionary tree for the group implies a(More)
Hybridization is an important evolutionary process for many groups of species. Thus, conflicting signals in a data set may not be the result of sampling or modeling errors, but due to the fact that hybridization has played a significant role in the evolutionary history of the species under consideration. Assuming that the initial set of gene trees is(More)
Whole-genome phylogenetic studies require various sources of phylogenetic signals to produce an accurate picture of the evolutionary history of a group of genomes. In particular, sequence-based reconstruction will play an important role, especially in resolving more recent events. But using sequences at the level of whole genomes means working with very(More)
Fast-converging methods for reconstructing phylogenetic trees require that the sequences characterizing the taxa be of only polynomial length, a major asset in practice, since real-life sequences are of bounded length. However, of the half-dozen such methods proposed over the last few years, only two fulfill this condition without requiring knowledge of(More)
We present the results of a large-scale experimental study of quartet-based methods (quartet cleaning and puzzling) for phylogeny reconstruction. Our experiments include a broad range of problem sizes and evolutionary rates, and were carefully designed to yield statistically robust results despite the size of the sample space. We measure outcomes in terms(More)
Absolute fast converging phylogenetic reconstruction methods are provably guaranteed to recover the true tree with high probability from sequences that grow only polynomially in the number of leaves, once the edge lengths are bounded arbitrarily from above and below. Only a few methods have been determined to be absolute fast converging; these have all been(More)
We give a 5-approximation algorithm to the rooted Subtree-Prune-and-Regraft (rSPR) distance between two phylogenies, which was recently shown to be NP-complete. This paper presents the first approximation result for this important tree distance. The algorithm follows a standard format for tree distances. The novel ideas are in the analysis. In the analysis,(More)