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Serum complement opsonizes particles such as bacteria for clearance by the reticuloendothelial system. Complement has been reported to interact with liposomes and therefore may mediate the reticuloendothelial system clearance of liposomes. This study has used a rat serum model to define some of the characteristics of liposomes which modulate their ability(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES There is no standardized method of measuring the parameters for haemolysis determination of red cell concentrate (RCC). Three haemoglobin quantification methods (automated analyser, Harboe and Drabkin's) and two methods of haematocrit measurement (automated analyser and microcapillary centrifugation) were evaluated for use with(More)
Phototoxic lesions generated in tumor tissue by photodynamic therapy (PDT) are recognized by the host as a threat to the integrity and homeostasis at the affected site. Among the canonical pathways invoked by the host for dealing with this type of challenge is the activation of the complement system, integrating proteins that serve as molecular sensors of(More)
Following treatment of Lewis lung carcinomas (LLC) by Photofrin-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT), tumor tissues and sera of host mice were collected for the analysis of complement activity. Elevated tumor C3 levels were detected between 1 and 24 h after PDT, while serum C3 levels increased significantly at 24 h post therapy. Increased alternative(More)
Proteases, and specifically metalloproteinases, have been linked to the loss of platelet function during storage before transfusion, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We used a dedicated N-terminomics technique, iTRAQ terminal amine isotopic labeling of substrates (TAILS), to characterize the human platelet N-terminome, proteome, and(More)
The gradual loss of quality in stored platelets as measured collectively with various metabolic, functional, and morphologic in vitro assays is known as the platelet storage lesion. With the advent of pathogen reduction technologies and improved testing that can greatly reduce the risk for bacterial contamination, the platelet storage lesion is emerging as(More)
The platelet cytoplasm contains approximately half of the factor XIII (FXIII) transglutaminase content circulating in blood, yet the function of cytoplasmic FXIII is poorly understood. This study investigated functions of platelet FXIII in internal platelet processes by studying the interactions of FXIII with platelet cytoskeletal proteins. FXIII was(More)
BACKGROUND Proteomics methods may be used to analyze changes occurring in stored blood products. These data sets can identify processes leading to storage-associated losses of blood component quality such as the platelet (PLT) storage lesion (PSL). The optimal strategy to perform such analyses to obtain the most informative data sets, including which(More)
Dementia is a chronic disease that requires medical and social services to provide high-quality care and prevent complications. As a result of time constraints in practice, lack of systems-based approaches, and poor integration of community-based organizations (CBOs), the quality of care for dementia is poorer than that for other diseases that affect older(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of prestorage white cell (WBC) reduction in random-donor platelet concentrates in Canada has increased the occurrence of particulate material in PCs. The effects of filtration on platelet activation state and the activation of plasma enzyme systems were assessed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Particulate material was examined by(More)