Katherine P. Topping

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Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric cytokine that has been demonstrated to have a major role in stimulating a cell-mediated antitumor response. IL-10, a product of T helper 2 lymphocytes, is its most potent inhibitor. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with colorectal cancer had an imbalance in production of IL-12 and IL-10(More)
We aim to determine the clinical usefulness of pre-operative serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as a predictor of outcome in patients undergoing curative resection for colorectal cancer. Serum VEGF was assayed by quantitative ELISA in 81 patients prior to curative resection for node-negative (n = 53) and node-positive (n = 28) disease. Median(More)
Acanthamoeba causes opportunistic eye infections in humans, which can lead to severe keratitis and may ultimately result in blindness. Current methods for identifying this organism rely on culture and microscopy. In this paper, we describe the isolation of antibody fragments that can be used for the unequivocal identification of Acanthamoeba. A(More)
Few highly specific anti-colorectal tumour antibodies exist. Here, we describe the isolation of a panel of colorectal tumour reactive antibodies, using bacteriophage-antibody display technology. A whole-cell based panning protocol has been used to isolate antibodies. panning against a cell type related to the colorectal tumour cells was used to remove(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a multifunctional cytokine which plays a major role in angiogenesis. Alternative splicing causes the production of several different isoforms (VEGF-A 121, 145, 165, 189, 206). VEGF is essential for tumor angiogenesis and several studies have correlated elevated VEGF levels with tumor stage, metastases and(More)
Monocytes and natural killer (NK) cells are known to be important effector cell populations in mediating antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). Purified monocyte and NK effector cell populations, from normal and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, together with a number of murine (17-1A and 323/A3) and their chimaeric (c17-1A) or humanised(More)
Two panning strategies have been used to isolate phage antibody clones that recognise an intracellular epitope of CD43. Firstly, a naive scFv library was panned against a 15-mer CD43 synthetic peptide (RGGKRNGVVDAWAGP), and secondly the naive library was panned against native CD43, isolated from whole cell lysate of Colo205 cells, followed by selection with(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a halophilic Gramnegative facultative anaerobe commonly found in estuarine waters and in seafood like shellfish. It has been implicated in outbreaks of gastro-enteritis in several countries [1]. Food borne illness caused by V. parahaemolyticus results chiefly from the consumption of insufficiently heated or raw seafood, especially(More)
An understanding of the immune system and its modes of action is fundamental to understanding the causes, natural history, management and treatment of many diseases. As such, a grasp of the principles of immunology is essential for every physician.This paper represents a succinct overview of the immune system, discussing the major components in turn, in(More)