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OBJECTIVES This investigation was designed 1) to assess whether the early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (Ea) obtained with Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) behaves as a preload-independent index of left ventricular (LV) relaxation; and 2) to evaluate the relation of the mitral E/Ea ratio to LV filling pressures. BACKGROUND Recent observations(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional Doppler parameters are unreliable for estimating left ventricular (LV) filling pressures in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This study was undertaken to evaluate flow propagation velocity by color M-mode and early diastolic annular velocity (Ea) by tissue Doppler 2 new indices of LV relaxation, combined with mitral E velocity for(More)
BACKGROUND Doppler echocardiography is frequently used to predict filling pressures in normal sinus rhythm, but it is unknown whether it can be applied in sinus tachycardia, with merging of E and A velocities. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) can record the mitral annular velocity. The early diastolic velocity (Ea) behaves as a relative load-independent index(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the absence of increased external load. Recently, nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) with intracoronary ethanol has been introduced to treat severely symptomatic patients with outflow tract obstruction. Its long-term effects on LV(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) decreases left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient and improves symptoms in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). NSRT effects on LV/left ventricular diastolic function are currently unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS HOCM patients (n=29) had Doppler echocardiography at(More)
In the present study, we performed simultaneous epicardial echocardiography and left heart catheterization on ten adult dogs to investigate the effects of ischaemia and tachycardia on the mitral annulus early (E(a)) and late (A(a)) diastolic velocities and the haemodynamic mechanisms involved. Left atrial pressure and left ventricular (LV) volumes and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy have left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction due, in part, to temporal heterogeneity in regional function. The acute effect of the relief of LV outflow tract obstruction is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effects of nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) on regional function.(More)
We sought to examine the hemodynamic determinants and clinical application of the peak acceleration rate of early (Ea) diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus by tissue Doppler. Simultaneous left atrial and left ventricular (LV) catheterization and Doppler echocardiography were performed in 10 dogs. Preload was altered using volume infusion and caval(More)
Kilombero Valley Teak Company (KVTC) KVTC was set up in 1992 by the Commonwealth Development Corporation (CDC) with the aim of creating a viable hardwood reforestation project with teak plantations arranged in a mosaic between natural forests and other natural vegetation. An area of 28,159 ha was leased by KVTC for this purpose. The company is presently(More)
Prior to seeking professional medical care it is increasingly common for patients to use online resources such as automated symptom checkers. Many such systems attempt to provide a differential diagnosis based on the symptoms elucidated from the user, which may lead to anxiety if life or limb-threatening conditions are part of the list, a phenomenon termed(More)
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