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OBJECTIVE This study aims to assess the role of polymorphisms in DNA repair genes, excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and methyl-methanesulfonate sensitivity 19 (MMS19), in tumor response to platinum-based chemotherapy and survival in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis was(More)
OBJECTIVE This two-stage phase II study assessed activity of single agent dalantercept in patients with recurrent/persistent endometrial carcinoma (EMC). METHODS Eligible patients had persistent/recurrent EMC after 1-2 prior cytotoxic regimens, measurable disease (RECIST 1.1), and GOG performance≤2. Dalantercept 1.2mg/kg subcutaneous was administered once(More)
PURPOSE Women with abnormal cervical cancer screening results are referred to colposcopy and biopsy for diagnosis of cervical cancer precursors (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions [HSILs]). Colposcopy with a single biopsy can miss identification of HSILs. No systematic study has quantified the improved detection of HSIL by taking multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3), the immediate cervical cancer precursor, is a target of cervical cancer prevention. However, less than half of CIN3s will progress to cancer. Routine treatment of all CIN3s and the majority of CIN2s may lead to overtreatment of many lesions that would not progress. To improve our understanding of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the abilities of cisplatin, paclitaxel, and flexible heteroarotinoid (Flex-Het) compound (SHetA2) to sensitize ovarian cancer cells to induction of the extrinsic apoptosis pathway by death receptor ligands, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). STUDY DESIGN The effects of various(More)
OBJECTIVE To study patterns of recurrence and survival outcomes in patients with surgical stage I, grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium (EA) treated with various treatment modalities. METHODS A retrospective multi-institutional study of surgical stage I, grade 3 EA patients diagnosed between 1988 and 2006 was performed. Demographic,(More)
OBJECTIVES Controversy continues over the importance of lymph node (LN) status in treating and predicting recurrence in endometrial cancer. Several predictive models are available which use uterine factors to stratify risk groups. Our objective was to determine how LN status affects recurrence and survival compared to uterine factors alone. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common infection with limited treatment options. Vertical transmission can lead to fetal death or long-term neurologic injury. We present a case wherein fetal hydrops resolved after maternal and fetal intravenous administration of CMV hyperimmune globulin. CASE A 20-year-old gravida 3, para 0 was referred(More)
Adenocarcinoma of the endometrium represents the most common gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Although early-stage cancers are effectively treated surgically, commonly without adjuvant therapy, the treatment of high-risk and advanced disease is more complex. Chemotherapy has evolved into an important modality in high-risk early-stage and(More)
Exosomes are 30-100 nm bodies secreted from almost all types of cells into the extracellular spaces. They enclose in their lumen active genetic information in the form of messenger RNA (mRNA), micro RNA (miRNA), DNA and active peptides that are representative of the parental cell and can be isolated from different body fluids. Exosomes can participate in(More)