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A 59-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of bilateral, proximal lower-limb weakness associated with disabling pain that rendered her wheelchair-bound. There were no gastrointestinal symptoms. Clinical examination showed evidence of bilateral, proximal muscle atrophy and weakness in the lower limbs. Low serum calcium and raised serum alkaline(More)
Cancer can be defined as a deregulation or hyperactivity in the ongoing network of intracellular and extracellular signaling events. Reverse phase protein microarray technology may offer a new opportunity to measure and profile these signaling pathways, providing data on post-translational phosphorylation events not obtainable by gene microarray analysis.(More)
The human proteome, due to the enormity of post-translational permutations that result in large numbers of isoforms, is much more complex than the genome and alterations in cancer can occur in ways that are not predictable by translational analysis alone. Proteomic analysis therefore represents a more direct way of investigating disease at the individual(More)
Molecular crosstalk, including reciprocal stimulation, is theorized to take place between epithelial cancer cells and surrounding non-neoplastic stromal cells. This is the rationale for stromal therapy, which could eliminate support of a cancer by its genetically stable stroma. Epithelial-stromal crosstalk is so far poorly documented in vivo, and cell(More)
The toxic effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the small bowel have been reported extensively. A growing number of reports of toxic effects of NSAIDs on the colon have appeared recently. The clinical presentation, endoscopic appearances and histological findings of so-called NSAID colopathy are quite varied, as illustrated by a series(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are considered to play significant roles in colonic carcinogenesis and kinase inhibitor therapy has been proposed as a potential tool in the treatment of this disease. Reverse-phase microarray assays using phospho-specific antibodies can directly measure levels of phosphorylated protein isoforms. In the current(More)
BACKGROUND Selective inhibitors of inducible cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) are of potential benefit in the perioperative period for both their analgesic and, perhaps, antineoplastic actions. However, their effects on laparotomy and intestinal wound healing are unknown. METHODS Forty adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent laparotomy, descending colonic transection(More)
CONTEXT Epidemiological studies have implicated the inducible form of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer; however, its role is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between the expression of COX-2 in human colorectal cancer and patient survival. DESIGN Patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer were(More)
Activation of the noncanonical inflammasome, mediated by caspase-11, serves as an additional pathway for the production of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. Noncanonical inflammasome activity occurs during host defense against Gram-negative bacteria and in models of acute septic shock. We propose that the noncanonical inflammasome is activated(More)
AIM To date, there is no uniform consensus on whether tumour regression grade (TRG) is predictive of outcome in rectal cancer. Furthermore, the lack of standardization of TRG grading is a major source of variability in published studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of TRG in a cohort of patients with locally advanced rectal(More)