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Nonylphenol ethoxylates are used in the production of surfactants and are found in numerous manufactured substances. para-Nonylphenol (NP) is a suspected endocrine disruptor, exhibiting estrogen-like activity and might cause alterations with developmental exposure. To evaluate such effects, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats consumed diets containing 0 (n = 11),(More)
Methoxychlor is an insecticide with estrogen-like activity, thus exposure during development might cause sexually dimorphic behavioral alterations. To evaluate this, pregnant rats consumed diets containing 0, 10, 100 or 1000 ppm methoxychlor from gestational day 7, and offspring continued on these diets until postnatal day (PND) 77. Assessments of sexually(More)
The phytoestrogen genistein, the principal isoflavone in soybeans, has adverse effects on animal reproduction. As adult physiology and behavior are sensitive to perturbation by developmental estrogens, exposure to genistein during development may produce behavioral alterations as well. Pregnant rats were fed soy-free diets containing 0, 25, 250, or 1250 ppm(More)
A number of different environmental compounds are proposed to interact with the endocrine system (i.e., endocrine disrupters). Many of these have estrogenic effects in vitro and/or in vivo. Recent reviews have focused attention on the need for assessing the neurotoxicity of these compounds following developmental exposure. This attention comes in part from(More)
This paper examines the potential of infrared chemical (hyperspectral) imaging as a technique for the forensic analysis of automotive paint chips in particular, and multicomponent (e.g., layered) samples in general. Improved sample preparation procedures for the infrared analysis of paint chips are detailed, with the recommendation that where mounting(More)
The application of infrared chemical imaging to the analysis of bicomponent fibers was evaluated. Eleven nominally bicomponent fibers were examined either side-on or in cross-section. In six of the 11 samples, infrared chemical imaging was able to spatially resolve two spectroscopically distinct regions when the fibers were examined side-on. As well as(More)
BACKGROUND Here, we addressed the concern that, despite the lack of overt toxicity, exposure to low levels of the common household pyrethroid pesticide, bifenthrin, could cause harm to the immune system. To do this, we measure the effect of bifenthrin on phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activation of homotypic aggregation in human T-cell lines. MATERIAL/METHODS(More)
Exogenous estrogen exposure during development often results in behavioral masculinization and/or defeminization of genetic females. Genetic males may be defeminized, hypermasculinized or even demasculinized after similar treatment. Here, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats consumed phytoestrogen-free diets containing 0, 1, 5 or 200 ppb EE(2) beginning on(More)
The toxicity of the mycotoxins nivalenol (NIV), deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) were studied in the K562 human erythroleukemia cell line using the Trypan Blue, MTT and BrdU uptake analyses of cytotoxicity, cell metabolism and cell proliferation, respectively. Nuclear staining with propidium iodide and DNA analysis by flow cytometry were used to(More)
The phytoestrogen and principal isoflavone in soy, genistein, has adverse effects on reproductive physiology in rodents. Since physiology and behavior are both sensitive to perturbations by estrogens, genistein may produce behavioral alterations as well. This paper reports one aspect of a study in which several adult rodent behaviors will be assessed(More)