Katherine M Dibb

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The glycine-tyrosine-glycine (GYG) sequence in the p-loop of K+ channel subunits lines a narrow pore through which K+ ions pass in single file intercalated by water molecules. Mutation of the motif can give rise to non-selective channels, but it is clear that other structural features are also required for selectivity because, for instance, a recently(More)
K+ activates many inward rectifier and voltage-gated K+ channels. In each case, an increase in K+ current through the channel can occur despite a reduced driving force. We have investigated the molecular mechanism of K+ activation of the inward rectifier K+ channel, Kir3.1/Kir3.4, and the voltage-gated K+ channel, Kv1.4. In the Kir3.1/Kir3.4 channel,(More)
Mechanisms and residues responsible for slow activation and Ba(2+) block of the cardiac muscarinic K(+) channel, Kir3.1/Kir3.4, were investigated using site-directed mutagenesis. Mutagenesis of negatively charged residues located throughout the pore of the channel (in H5, M2, and proximal C terminus) reduced or abolished slow activation. The strongest(More)
In mammals, changes in photoperiod regulate a diverse array of physiological and behavioral processes, an example of which in the Siberian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) is the expression of bouts of daily torpor following prolonged exposure to a short photoperiod. During torpor, body temperature drops dramatically; however, unlike in nonhibernating or(More)
The Kir3.1/Kir3.4 channel is an inward rectifier, agonist-activated K(+) channel. The location of the binding site within the channel pore that coordinates polyamines (and is thus responsible for inward rectification) and the location of the gate that opens the channel in response to agonist activation is unclear. In this study, we show, not surprisingly,(More)
Cs+ block of GIRK1/GIRK4 expressed in Xenopus oocytes has been investigated. It has been reported that a negatively charged aspartate residue at position 172 in IRK1 is responsible for Cs+ block of the channel. IRK1, a homotetramer, has four aspartate residues at this position. GIRK1/GIRK4 is a heterotetramer and has two aspartate residues at the equivalent(More)
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