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This study examined whether age-related improvements observed in the motor performance of children result from a reduction of noise in the output of the sensori-motor system. Children ages 6, 8, and 10 years and young adults (N = 48, 12 per group) performed continuous, constant isometric force contractions with the index finger at four different force(More)
This study examined the role of sensorimotor system noise in the organization of the force output of the thumb and index finger and the coordination between the two digits in an isometric pinch grip force task as a function of age (6, 8, 10, 18-22 years), feedback condition (with and without visual feedback information), and force level (5, 15, 25, and 35%(More)
In this article, the authors examined the hypothesis that the direction of the change (increase or decrease) in the dynamical degrees of freedom (dimension) regulated as a function of motor learning is task-dependent. Adult participants learned 1 of 2 isometric force-production tasks (Experiment 1: constant force output; Experiment 2: sinusoidal force(More)
This study examined the effect of age and practice on the structure of children's force variability to test the information processing hypothesis that a reduction of sensorimotor system noise accounts in large part for age-related reductions in perceptual-motor performance variability. In the study, 6-year-olds, 10-year-olds, and young adults practiced on 5(More)
This study examined the influence of deterministic and stochastic processes (including white Gaussian noise) on reductions in the amount of force output variability through childhood. The structure of the force signal produced during a constant isometric pinch grip task was examined as a function of age (6, 8, and 10 years, and young adults), availability(More)
The current study compared the intralimb coordination of flexor reflex responses in spinal intact and complete chronic spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals. Noxious electrocutaneous stimulation was applied at the apex of the medial arch of the foot (50 mA, 500 Hz, 1 ms pulse width, 20 ms) in 21 complete chronic SCI and 19 spinal intact volunteers and the(More)
Self-injurious behavior was examined in a case study of head-banging by an 8-year-old girl with profound mental retardation and an autistic disorder. Trajectories of the arm movements and impact forces of the head blows were determined from a dynamic analysis of videotapes. Results revealed a high degree of cycle-to-cycle consistency in the qualitative(More)
In 2 experiments, the authors examined whether and to what degree young adults can learn to produce random planar motion of the index finger or fingers. Three different types of information feedback were provided to the participants (N = 8 in each experiment) over up to 5 days of practice across the 2 experiments. The results from both experiments revealed(More)
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have sensory processing deficits; how do these influence the interface between sensory input and motor performance? Previously, we found that children with DCD were less able to organize and maintain a gross motor coordination task in time to an auditory cue, particularly at higher frequencies(More)
Little consensus exists as to the age-related pattern of change in the frequency characteristics of postural tremor through childhood. We investigated postural finger tremor of children (6 and 10 years) and adults (18-22 years) using accelerometers under dual and single limb conditions (10s trials). The postural tremor of the children exhibited(More)