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The nuclear transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) has been identified as an important therapeutic target in murine models of colorectal cancer (CRC). To examine whether PPARgamma inhibition has therapeutic effects in late-stage CRC, the effects of PPARgamma inhibitors on CRC cell survival were examined in CRC cell(More)
Activation of the nuclear transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) inhibits growth and survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. To further investigate the function of PPARgamma in HCC, PPARgamma expression patterns in primary tumors were examined, and the responses of two HCC cell lines to PPARgamma(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) provide a pacemaker signal for coordinated motility patterns in the mammalian gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Kit signaling is required for development and maintenance of ICC, and these cells can be identified by Kit-like immunoreactivity. The zebrafish GI tract has two distinct ICC networks similar to mammals, suggesting a(More)
Expression of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV 16) fusion proteins LI deltaCE7(1-55) and LI deltaCE7(1-60) (carboxy-terminal deletion of LI replaced by 55 or 60 amino-terminal amino acids of E7) leads to formation of chimeric papillomavirus-like particles (CVLPs). After "infection" of cells by CVLPs, the chimeric proteins can be detected in the cytosol and(More)
Crohn's disease is associated with an excessive T helper (TH) type 1 inflammatory immune response. Reducing the influx of disease-associated CD4+ TH1 cells into the inflamed intestine is likely to be beneficial in preventing a disease flare-up and even possibly in reducing the effect of acute disease. Thiazolidenedione (TZD) ligands, which activate(More)
Esophageal cancer is difficult to treat because of its rapid progression, and more effective therapeutic approaches are needed. The PPARgamma is a nuclear receptor superfamily member that is expressed in many cancers. PPARgamma expression is a feature of esophageal cancer cell lines, and in the present investigation, the PPARgamma antagonists T0070907 and(More)
Salmonella infections can become chronic and increase the risk of cancer. The mechanisms by which specific Salmonella organisms contribute to cancer, however, are still unknown. Live and attenuated Salmonella are used as vectors to target cancer cells, but there have been no systematic studies of the oncogenic potential of chronic Salmonella infections in(More)
PURPOSE Acute gastrointestinal syndrome (AGS) resulting from ionizing radiation causes death within 7 days. Currently, no satisfactory agent exists for mitigation of AGS. A peptide derived from the receptor binding domain of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-P) was synthesized and its mitigation effect on AGS was examined. METHODS AND MATERIALS A subtotal(More)
Infection by certain human papillomaviruses (HPV), most notably HPV types 16 and 18, is the major risk factor for cervical cancer. Worldwide, this disease represents the second most frequent malignant tumor in women; thus, there is urgent need for efficient therapy and prevention. The natural history of cervical cancer and its precursors (cervical(More)