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OBJECTIVES This investigation was designed 1) to assess whether the early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (Ea) obtained with Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) behaves as a preload-independent index of left ventricular (LV) relaxation; and 2) to evaluate the relation of the mitral E/Ea ratio to LV filling pressures. BACKGROUND Recent observations(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional Doppler parameters are unreliable for estimating left ventricular (LV) filling pressures in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This study was undertaken to evaluate flow propagation velocity by color M-mode and early diastolic annular velocity (Ea) by tissue Doppler 2 new indices of LV relaxation, combined with mitral E velocity for(More)
BACKGROUND Doppler echocardiography is frequently used to predict filling pressures in normal sinus rhythm, but it is unknown whether it can be applied in sinus tachycardia, with merging of E and A velocities. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) can record the mitral annular velocity. The early diastolic velocity (Ea) behaves as a relative load-independent index(More)
OBJECTIVES Our goal was to identify the hemodynamic determinants of the mitral annulus (MA) diastolic velocities by tissue Doppler. BACKGROUND The MA diastolic velocities are promising indexes of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. However, their hemodynamic determinants have not yet been evaluated. METHODS Ten adult mongrel dogs underwent left(More)
Current Doppler methods have been unreliable in estimating filling pressures in heart transplants. Tissue Doppler imaging is a technique that permits evaluation of myocardial relaxation; combined with transvalvular E velocity, it could improve estimation of these pressures. To investigate this possibility, we evaluated 50 patients by right-sided cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) decreases left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient and improves symptoms in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). NSRT effects on LV/left ventricular diastolic function are currently unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS HOCM patients (n=29) had Doppler echocardiography at(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to evaluate the ability of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) to guide the targeted delivery of ethanol during nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) and to assess the relation between the MCE risk area and infarct size determined by enzymatic and radionuclide methods. BACKGROUND NSRT with intracoronary(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the absence of increased external load. Recently, nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) with intracoronary ethanol has been introduced to treat severely symptomatic patients with outflow tract obstruction. Its long-term effects on LV(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in left ventricular (LV) filling, left atrial (LA) volumes and function six months after nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). BACKGROUND Patients with HOCM frequently have enlarged left atria, which predisposes them to atrial(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the mechanisms by which nonsurgical septal reduction therapy (NSRT) reduces left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) both acutely and on a long-term basis. BACKGROUND NSRT reduces LVOT obstruction in patients with HOCM and leads to symptomatic(More)