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STUDY OBJECTIVE We assess agreement between carboxyhemoglobin levels measured by the Rad-57 signal extraction pulse CO-oximeter (RAD), a Food and Drug Administration-approved device for noninvasive bedside measurement, and standard laboratory arterial or venous measurement in a sample of emergency department (ED) patients with suspected carbon monoxide(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a youth-friendly HIV video with in-person counseling in conveying HIV knowledge and obtaining consent for HIV testing among adolescent patients of an urban emergency department. METHODS A 2-armed, randomized controlled trial was conducted on a convenience sample of 200 stable, sexually(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if administration of albuterol by a metered-dose inhaler with a spacer device is as efficacious as administration of albuterol by nebulizer to treat wheezing in children aged 2 years and younger. DESIGN Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING Pediatric emergency department. PATIENTS From a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the administration of beta-agonists by metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with a spacer device is as effective as the administration of beta-agonists by nebulizer for the treatment of acute asthma exacerbations in children. DESIGN Randomized trial with two arms. SETTING Urban pediatric emergency department (ED) in Bronx, NY. (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare playground hazards in high- and low-income neighborhoods. DESIGN Forty-five playgrounds were randomly selected from the 9 New York City community districts that met our study criteria and were divided into high-and low-income groups based on comparison to the median of the median incomes ($24452 per year) of the 9 districts.(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of children with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning with and without smoke exposure referred for hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), and to determine the association between any of these characteristics and death. SETTING Regional hyperbaric referral center. PATIENTS The medical records of 150(More)
BACKGROUND Osteopathic physicians believe that the birthing process causes cranial dysfunction that may be manifested in somatic symptoms, one of which is excessive crying of infancy. Cranial dysfunction can be determined by assessing the cranial rhythmic impulse (CRI). OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to examine whether an abnormal CRI is(More)
The consideration of surgery during pregnancy requires weighing the benefit of urgent surgery against the risk to mother and fetus. Surgery during pregnancy involves an increase in both maternal and fetal risks. Thyroid and parathyroid surgery involves physiological risks to both mother and fetus specific to the disease and function of these endocrine(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine whether a 3-question version of the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) performs as well as the full EPDS in screening for postpartum depression in a pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS Mothers of infants younger than 6 months presenting to an urban PED were enrolled. After the PED encounter,(More)
We explore the application of dense camera arrays to view interpolation across space and time for dynamic scenes. Large video camera arrays are typically synchronized, but we show that staggering camera triggers provides a much richer set of samples on which to base the interpolation. We do not increase the total number of samples—we merely distribute them(More)