Katherine J. Baxter

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The recently identified plant photoreceptor UVR8 (UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8) triggers regulatory changes in gene expression in response to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) light through an unknown mechanism. Here, crystallographic and solution structures of the UVR8 homodimer, together with mutagenesis and far-UV circular dichroism spectroscopy, reveal its mechanisms for(More)
UV-B light initiates photomorphogenic responses in plants. Arabidopsis UV RESISTANCE LOCUS8 (UVR8) specifically mediates these responses by functioning as a UV-B photoreceptor. UV-B exposure converts UVR8 from a dimer to a monomer, stimulates the rapid accumulation of UVR8 in the nucleus, where it binds to chromatin, and induces interaction of UVR8 with(More)
The expression of the p53 and Rb1 proteins was examined in an unselected consecutive series of 250 primary operable colorectal carcinomas with a mean follow-up of 4.3 years (range 43-77 months). The overall cancer-specific mortality was 34.8%, with 87 cancer deaths and 35 deaths as the result of other causes. Expression of p53 protein was identified in 152(More)
Hirschsprung's disease (HD), congenital absence of ganglion cells, is considered uncommon in preterm infants. The aim was to describe the frequency, presentation, and surgical outcomes of preterm infants with HD. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of all patients diagnosed with HD from 2002 to 2012 at a single children's hospital. Clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the absorption of the gastrokinetic drug, cisapride, and effect of cisapride on gastric emptying in critically ill patients; and to assess the usefulness of clinical signs of gastric emptying. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING Medical/surgical/trauma intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital. (More)
Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a frequent cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Targeted HBV screening is recommended by the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention for subjects born in countries with >2% HBV prevalence. However, there are no UK guidelines. Here, we applied the (CDC) recommendations to the British-Chinese and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The treatment of patients with pure (<5% round cell component) myxoid liposarcomas (pMLS) has not been well characterized. We hypothesized that multimodality therapy (oncological resection with radiation therapy) may not be necessary for pMLS. METHODS Patients who underwent resection of localized pMLS at three institutions from(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiating large lipomas from atypical lipomatous tumors (ALT) is challenging, and preoperative management guidelines are not well defined. The diagnostic ambiguity leads many surgeons to refer all patients with large lipomatous masses to an oncologic specialist, perhaps unnecessarily. STUDY DESIGN In this retrospective cohort study of(More)
and angiogenesis. Method 30 patients with HCV-related cirrhosis (15 patients with histologically-proven HCC and 15 patients without HCC) and 15 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study. The severity of liver disease was assessed according to Child-Pugh classification and the Model for End Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. The tumour stage was classified(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the bacterial and fungal flora of the normal conjunctiva of horses in the UK; to determine the effect of horse age, sex, geographic location, and housing on this flora; and to determine the most appropriate antimicrobial drug(s) for prophylactic treatment of corneal ulcers. ANIMAL STUDIED A total of 60 adult healthy horses were(More)