Katherine G. Michel

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OBJECTIVES The potential effect of hormonal contraception on HIV-1 acquisition and transmission represents an important public health issue. Several observational studies have suggested an association between the use of hormonal contraception, in particular injectable depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), and an increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition and(More)
Recent observational studies indicate an association between the use of hormonal contraceptives and acquisition and transmission of HIV-1. The biological and immunological mechanisms underlying the observed association are unknown. Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is a progestin-only injectable contraceptive that is commonly used in regions with(More)
Zizyphus is one of the plants commonly used in Egyptian folk medicine for the treatment of different diseases. The present study aims to investigate the effect of the butanol extract of Zizyphus spina-christi leaves as well as christinin-A, its principle saponin glycoside, in normal and streptozotocin-diabetic rats. In normal rats, treatment in both cases(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiological evidence suggests an association between the use of hormonal contraception and an increased risk of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases including HIV-1. We sought to elucidate the biological mechanisms underlying the effect of hormonal contraception on the immune system. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. METHODS To delineate(More)
During quorum sensing in the plant pathogen Pantoea stewartii subsp. stewartii, EsaI, an acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) synthase, and the transcription factor EsaR coordinately control capsular polysaccharide production. The capsule is expressed only at high cell density when AHL levels are high, leading to inactivation of EsaR. In lieu of detailed(More)
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