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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has greatly advanced evaluation of marrow diseases of the paediatric skeleton. As with many other aspects of paediatric radiology it is important to recognize the normal variations in the appearance of the marrow that occur in the growing child. These normal variations need to be differentiated from diseases and conditions(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactory abnormalities are reported in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Anosmia appears to be common in dementia with Lewy bodies but not in pure Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE To determine whether anosmia improves discrimination between the Lewy body variant (LBV) of Alzheimer's disease and "pure" Alzheimer's disease. METHODS(More)
This study investigated the influence of age at onset on cognitive performance, neuropathological and neurochemical features in autopsy-confirmed sporadic Lewy body variant (LBV) and in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We compared 28 early-onset (< or = 70 years) LBV subjects with 28 matched late-onset (> 70 years) subjects. Similarly, we examined the same(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the diagnostic performance of clinical assessment against magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosed hip arthritis in a juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) population. To determine the clinical and serological predictors of MRI diagnosed hip arthritis. METHODS A total of 34 JIA patients with established disease (mean disease duration(More)
Pneumomediastinum is an uncommon complication of sporting activity. The case of a young asthmatic surf lifesaver is reported in which several factors are thought to have been involved in the aetiology of his condition. Treatment was expectant and a full recovery was made over a short period. This is the first reported case of pneumomediastinum occurring(More)
In the current study, we explored how a person's physiological arousal relates to their performance in a challenging math situation as a function of individual differences in working memory (WM) capacity and math-anxiety. Participants completed demanding math problems before and after which salivary cortisol, an index of arousal, was measured. The(More)
The contribution of red cell size (mean cell volume) to the clinical and haematological manifestations of homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease has been investigated by comparing the features of two groups of patients with low (less than or equal to 80 fl) and high (greater than 95 fl) MCV values after matching for age, sex and fetal haemoglobin level. The(More)