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Visual imagery is used in a wide range of mental activities, ranging from memory to reasoning, and also plays a role in perception proper. The contribution of early visual cortex, specifically Area 17, to visual mental imagery was examined by the use of two convergent techniques. In one, subjects closed their eyes during positron emission tomography (PET)(More)
Some, but not all, previous neuroimaging studies of visual mental imagery have found that Area 17 (primary visual cortex) is activated when people visualize objects. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that the necessary degree of resolution of the mental image is a determining factor in whether Area 17 is activated during imagery. Eight(More)
Is there more than one method whereby people can generate visual mental images? Participants generated images after learning patterns in two ways. In one condition, they memorized descriptions of how segments are arranged to form patterns; in another, they memorized segments and mentally amalgamated them into patterns. In both conditions, identical stimuli(More)
Subjects either viewed or visualized arrays that were divided into four quadrants, with each quadrant containing a set of stripes. In two experiments, one array contained only relatively narrow (high-resolution) stripes, and one contained only relatively thick (low-resolution) stripes. The subjects compared sets of stripes in different quadrants according(More)
Computer supported collaborative learning has the potential for driving educational reform efforts, but there are many challenges to face before achieving that vision. Two of the most critical are achieving teacher buy-in and motivating students to participate in a knowledge-building community. We have developed a new CSCL tool whose flexibility is(More)
This article addresses how to present movement information to learners as part of a larger project on developing a nonconventional computational system that teaches ballet. The requirements of such a system are first described, and then discoveries regarding the first requirement, presenting movement to a user, are discussed. Background research regarding(More)
the goal was to create the unification of the British focus on undergraduate education and the German focus on the research university (Cuban, 1999). These goals were not seen as being in contradiction, but in synergy. The goal was for research to motivate and even inspire better learning and teaching. From the beginning, the education of undergraduates was(More)
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