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The limited success of cancer immunotherapy is often attributed to the loss of antigen-specific T cell function in situ. However, the mechanism for this loss of function is unknown. In this study, we describe a population of tumor-associated DCs (TADCs) in both human and mouse prostate cancer that tolerizes and induces suppressive activity in tumor-specific(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), has infected approximately two billion individuals worldwide with approximately 9.2 million new cases and 1.6 million deaths annually. Current efforts are focused on making better BCG priming vaccines designed to induce a comprehensive and balanced immunity followed by booster(s)(More)
We previously reported that naive, tumor-specific CD8(+) (TcR-I) T cells transferred into prostate tumor-bearing mice traffic to the prostate where they become tolerized. We now report that TcR-I cells suppress the proliferation of naive T cells. This suppression is mediated at least in part by secreted factors, and the suppressive activity can be blocked(More)
Despite the extensive success with the introduction of M. bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global epidemic infecting between 8 and 9 million people annually with an estimated 1.7 million deaths each year. However, because of its demonstrated effectiveness against some of the most severe forms of childhood TB, it is now(More)
Endometrial cancer is the most commonly diagnosed gynecologic malignancy in the United States. A well recognized disparity by race in both incidence and survival outcome exists for this cancer. Specifically Caucasians are about two times more likely to develop endometrial cancer than are African-Americans. However, African-American women are more likely to(More)
Smokers develop metastatic prostate cancer more frequently than nonsmokers, suggesting that a tobacco-derived factor is driving metastatic progression. To identify smoking-induced alterations in human prostate cancer, we analyzed gene and protein expression patterns in tumors collected from current, past, and never smokers. By this route, we elucidated a(More)
A potent T cell response is an important component of durable anti-tumor immunity. The quality of the T cell response can, in-part, be measured by the avidity of the T cell for its tumor antigen-expressing target. While convention suggests that raising the avidity of the responding T cells may make for a more potent anti-tumor immune response, the threshold(More)
A promising therapeutic approach for inducing tolerance in autoreactive T cells is the use of APCs such as DCs and macrophages. In this issue of the European Journal of Immunology, Zheng et al. [Eur. J. Immunol. 2013. 43: 219-227] study the concept of "tolerogenic adjuvants" to induce tolerance via vaccination. These authors have previously identified(More)
Smokers develop metastatic prostate cancer more frequently than nonsmokers, suggesting that a tobacco-derived factor is driving metastatic progression. To identify smoking-induced alterations in human prostate cancer, we analyzed gene and protein expression patterns in tumors collected from current, past, and never smokers. By this route, we elucidated a(More)
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