Katherine C. Wai

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BACKGROUND B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has not been evaluated in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We hypothesized that BNP and severity of pulmonary hypertension (PH) would predict clinical outcome in these infants. METHODS We measured BNP levels and assessed severity of PH by echocardiography at 1 d and 1 wk of life. Outcome was(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the natural history of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and the risk of death and pulmonary morbidity associated with the persistence of PH through the neonatal hospitalization for these infants. STUDY DESIGN We performed a retrospective cohort study of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) cared for at University of(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid urine tests for infection (urinalysis, dipstick) have low up-front costs. However, many false positives occur, with important downstream consequences, including unnecessary antibiotics. We studied indications, collection technique, and results of urinalyses in acute care. METHODS This research was a prospective observational study of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) results in morbidity and death from lung hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension (PH). We sought to define the relationship between fetal ultrasound markers of severity in CDH and the time to resolution of neonatal PH. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a retrospective study of fetuses with an antenatal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prognostic accuracy of early cumulative supplemental oxygen (CSO) exposure for prediction of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death, and to evaluate the independent association of CSO with BPD or death. STUDY DESIGN We performed a secondary analysis of the Trial of Late Surfactant, which enrolled 511 infants born at ≤28 weeks(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of late surfactant on respiratory outcomes determined at 1-year corrected age in the Trial of Late Surfactant (TOLSURF), which randomized newborns of extremely low gestational age (≤28 weeks' gestational age) ventilated at 7-14 days to late surfactant and inhaled nitric oxide vs inhaled nitric oxide-alone (control). (More)
Importance Tracheotomy is sometimes performed in extremely low gestational age newborns requiring prolonged ventilation. Studies suggest better neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm newborns undergoing earlier tracheotomy (<120 days); however, guidelines for who should undergo tracheotomy and when to perform tracheotomy are unclear regarding infants(More)
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