Katherine C. Roth

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A new concept for telemicroscopy has recently been introduced using the Internet and conventional web browser, with Java support for microscope remote control as well as image transfer and discussion (http://amba.charite.de/telemic/). The system has two major components: the telemicroscopy server, which is a computer with Internet access connected to the(More)
Here we report successful interferometric coupling of two large telescopes with single-mode fibers. Interference fringes were obtained in the 2- to 2.3-micrometer wavelength range on the star 107 Herculis by using the two Keck 10-meter telescopes, each feeding their common interferometric focus with 300 meters of single-mode fibers. This experiment(More)
Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z > 20 using current technology. Hitherto, the highest redshift measured for any object was z = 6.96, for a Lyman-alpha emitting galaxy. Here we report that GRB 090423 lies at(More)
We present detailed optical, X-ray and radio observations of the bright afterglow of the short gammaray burst 051221 obtained with Gemini, Swift/XRT, and the Very Large Array, as well as an optical spectrum from which we measure the redshift of the burst, z = 0.5459. At this redshift the isotropicequivalent prompt energy release was about 2.4×10 erg, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the image processing and analysis techniques we developed for the quantitative analysis of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). STUDY DESIGN A system for CGH cytometry is based on a semiautomated karyotyping program using the Windows graphic user interface. RESULTS After alignment and normalization of the fluorescence images of(More)
The assistance received by the surgeon from support personnel during surgical laparoscopy is extremely important. This includes the retracting of instruments and the positioning of the endoscope. However, human assistance is costly and often does not provide satisfaction for the surgeon. The aim of the project was to develop a mechanical arm capable of(More)
In a foregoing paper, an attempt has been described to quantify the neovascularization in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) by using the method of automatic image analysis. In this case 5 to 10 min were necessary to measure the neovascular response of one CAM preparation (i.e. to obtain a value for the degree of angiogenesis). The accuracy of(More)
Objective: To determine whether reprocessed single-use devices (SUD) would (1) meet regulatory standards for sterility, and (2) meet the same material standards as new devices or if they pose an infection risk to other patients. Design: The study included in the first stage single-use laparoscopic dissection devices and in the second stage a variety of(More)
Despite a rich phenomenology, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are divided into two classes based on their duration and spectral hardness--the long-soft and the short-hard bursts. The discovery of afterglow emission from long GRBs was a watershed event, pinpointing their origin to star-forming galaxies, and hence the death of massive stars, and indicating an energy(More)
The final chapter in the long-standing mystery of the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) centres on the origin of the short-hard class of bursts, which are suspected on theoretical grounds to result from the coalescence of neutron-star or black-hole binary systems. Numerous searches for the afterglows of short-hard bursts have been made, galvanized by the revolution(More)