Katherine C. Carroll

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Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been found to be an accurate, rapid, and inexpensive method for the identification of bacteria and yeasts. Previous evaluations have compared the accuracy, time to identification, and costs of the MALDI-TOF MS method against standard identification systems or(More)
The performance of a commercial optical immunoassay (OIA) was compared at two institutions with that of routine agar and broth culture methods for the detection of group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization of the genital tract. The Strep B OIA (Bio Star, USA) was used to test 962 vaginal swabs from pregnant women for the presence of GBS antigen. The(More)
AIMS (i) Evaluation of delayed time to blood culture extraction by the Sepsityper kit and impact of shipping pellets off-site for MALDI-TOF MS analysis. (ii) Comparison of Sepsityper and laboratory-developed extraction methods from a literature review. METHODS AND RESULTS Using two blood culture systems (BD BACTEC and VersaTREK), we extracted 411 positive(More)
BACKGROUND Pain in critically ill patients is undertreated. OBJECTIVES To examine patients' perceptions of pain and acute pain management practices in a large metropolitan area to provide direction for improvements in pain relief. METHODS In a descriptive, correlational study, data were collected from 213 patients in 13 hospitals. Interviews with(More)
BACKGROUND Epicardial pacing wires are routinely used for the diagnosis and treatment of bradyarrhythmias after cardiac surgery. The frequency of arrhythmias during removal of the wires is unknown, and methods of removal vary among institutions. OBJECTIVES To describe the frequency of ventricular arrhythmias during removal of epicardial pacing wires from(More)
A multicenter study was performed to compare the performance of a prototypic reversed passive latex agglutination assay (VTEC Screen “Seiken”; Denka-Seiken, Japan) with the Premier EHEC Enzyme Immunoassay (Meridian Diagnostics, USA) for the detection of Shiga toxin in 554 diarrheal stool samples. Standard culture on sorbitol MacConkey agar and the use of(More)
This study integrates the principles of pattern-based classification and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to identify genes and clinical features associated with the rapid progression of chronic kidney disease. The methodology successfully determines the gene-gene survival interactions in the African-American Study of Chronic Kidney Disease with Hypertension(More)
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