Learn More
The specificity of the glycerol facilitator (glpF) of Escherichia coli was studied with an osmotic method. This transport system allowed the entry of polyols (glycerol and erythritol), pentitols, and hexitols. The analogous sugars were not transported. However, urea, glycine, and DL-glyceraldehyde could use this pathway to enter the cell. The glpF protein(More)
The principal side effect of the antimycobacterial agent ethambutol (EMB) is an optic neuropathy with clinical features very similar to a mitochondrial hereditary optic neuropathy (Leber's). The mechanism of EMB-induced optic neuropathy may be EMB's chelation of copper, thereby precluding normal cytochrome c oxidase activity and mitochondrial metabolism in(More)
The apparent molecular weights of the two forms of a heat-modifiable protein from the outer membrane of Escherichia coli K-12, estimated in gels with different concentrations of acrylamide, indicate that the protein binds excess amounts of sodium dodecyl sulfate, possibly due to large beta structures before boiling.
In AIDS patients, axonal degeneration in the optic nerve occurs as a histopathological manifestation of the optic neuropathy. Direct infection of neurons by HIV is unlikely, and the axonal injury may be an indirect effect mediated by cytotoxic factors such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) which we have previously demonstrated to cause axonal(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize and quantitate optic nerve histopathologic and morphometric differences between optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) as an early and congenital form of intrinsic axonal loss and Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) as a late and acquired form of intrinsic axonal loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS Optic nerves from 3 sources were examined:(More)
A 2-year-old boy with microcephaly, developmental delay, and minimal anomalies was found to have an extra submetacentric chromosome equivalent to 18pter----q12. Review of the phenotypes produced by various triplicated 18 regions supports the hypothesis that no one chromosome 18 region is sufficient to produce the phenotype of trisomy 18. The mild phenotype(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that sucrose is transported by the lactose carrier of Escherichia coli. Entry of sucrose was monitored by an osmotic method which involves exposure of cells to a hyperosmotic solution of disaccharide (250 mM). Such cells shrink (optical density rises), and if the solute enters the cell, there is a return toward initial(More)
In order to further characterize membrane alterations in human erythrocytes subjected to photodynamic treatment the passive transbilayer mobility of a phospholipid analogue was studied in cells illuminated for various lengths of time in the presence of the photosensitizer, aluminum chlorotetrasulfophthalocyanine. These measurements were combined with the(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein (APOE) e4 allele status has been linked to clinical presentation and progression in Alzheimer's disease; however, evidence for a role of APOE e4 in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains largely inconclusive. In this analysis we explored potential significant associations between APOE e4 allele status and characteristics of clinical(More)