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The specificity of the glycerol facilitator (glpF) of Escherichia coli was studied with an osmotic method. This transport system allowed the entry of polyols (glycerol and erythritol), pentitols, and hexitols. The analogous sugars were not transported. However, urea, glycine, and DL-glyceraldehyde could use this pathway to enter the cell. The glpF protein(More)
In AIDS patients, axonal degeneration in the optic nerve occurs as a histopathological manifestation of the optic neuropathy. Direct infection of neurons by HIV is unlikely, and the axonal injury may be an indirect effect mediated by cytotoxic factors such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) which we have previously demonstrated to cause axonal(More)
The principal side effect of the antimycobacterial agent ethambutol (EMB) is an optic neuropathy with clinical features very similar to a mitochondrial hereditary optic neuropathy (Leber's). The mechanism of EMB-induced optic neuropathy may be EMB's chelation of copper, thereby precluding normal cytochrome c oxidase activity and mitochondrial metabolism in(More)
The apparent molecular weights of the two forms of a heat-modifiable protein from the outer membrane of Escherichia coli K-12, estimated in gels with different concentrations of acrylamide, indicate that the protein binds excess amounts of sodium dodecyl sulfate, possibly due to large beta structures before boiling.
OBJECTIVES To characterize and quantitate optic nerve histopathologic and morphometric differences between optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) as an early and congenital form of intrinsic axonal loss and Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) as a late and acquired form of intrinsic axonal loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS Optic nerves from 3 sources were examined:(More)
In order to further characterize membrane alterations in human erythrocytes subjected to photodynamic treatment the passive transbilayer mobility of a phospholipid analogue was studied in cells illuminated for various lengths of time in the presence of the photosensitizer, aluminum chlorotetrasulfophthalocyanine. These measurements were combined with the(More)
We examined the relationship between cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), Alzheimer's disease neuropathologic changes, other vascular brain pathologies, and cognition in a large multicenter autopsy sample. Data were obtained from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center on autopsied subjects (N = 3976) who died between 2002 and 2012. Descriptive(More)
A 2-year-old boy with microcephaly, developmental delay, and minimal anomalies was found to have an extra submetacentric chromosome equivalent to 18pter----q12. Review of the phenotypes produced by various triplicated 18 regions supports the hypothesis that no one chromosome 18 region is sufficient to produce the phenotype of trisomy 18. The mild phenotype(More)
PURPOSE Both in vitro and in vivo studies have implicated a role for tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) in the pathology of demyelinating diseases. The purpose of this study was to address the hypothesis that TNF-alpha is a mediator of AIDS-related optic nerve injury and to determine the cell types involved in the proliferation of TNF-alpha in the AIDS optic(More)