Katherine A Helm

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Vertical integration is being used to great advantage in neurobiological research on the basis of age-related cognitive decline. Such research bridges analysis between the molecular and cellular levels and the outcome of impaired psychological functions. Current use of animals models within this paradigm has defined mild cognitive impairment in a(More)
Memory storage in the brain requires protein synthesis initiated through signaling pathways that control transcription. Such mechanisms are under active investigation for therapies in disorders involving cognitive dysfunction. Long-term memory can be improved by inhibiting activation or reducing expression of transcription factors such as ATF4/CREB2 and(More)
In the current investigation, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function was examined in young and aged male Long-Evans rats that were initially assessed on a version of the Morris water maze sensitive to cognitive impairment during ageing. In behaviourally characterized rats, a 1-h restraint stress paradigm revealed that plasma corticosterone(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) or cholecystokinin (CCK) injected in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) inhibits feeding, but the mechanism is unknown. Prior research suggests that dopamine (DA) input to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) motivates behavior, and a component of that motivation circuit includes hypothalamic feeding systems. Acetylcholine (ACh) in the(More)
Principal neurons in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of the rat have been identified as targets for glucocorticoids involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical stress response. Alterations in mRNA expression for glucocorticoid receptors in each of these regions have been shown to affect the negative feedback response to corticosterone(More)
Previous studies suggest a role for basal forebrain cholinergic neurons in enhancing the inhibitory influence of the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) on glucocorticoid stress responses mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. An inhibitory action of the basal forebrain cholinergic (BFC) system may occur through(More)
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