Katherine A Hajjar

Learn More
The role of bone marrow (BM)-derived precursor cells in tumor angiogenesis is not known. We demonstrate here that tumor angiogenesis is associated with recruitment of hematopoietic and circulating endothelial precursor cells (CEPs). We used the angiogenic defective, tumor resistant Id-mutant mice to show that transplantation of wild-type BM or vascular(More)
In a significant fraction of breast cancer patients, distant metastases emerge after years or even decades of latency. How disseminated tumour cells (DTCs) are kept dormant, and what wakes them up, are fundamental problems in tumour biology. To address these questions, we used metastasis assays in mice and showed that dormant DTCs reside on microvasculature(More)
Sequencing of two internal peptides from the putative human endothelial cell tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) receptor identified an analog of the calcium- and phospholipid-binding protein, annexin II (Ann-II). The polymerase chain reaction-derived, full-length cDNA revealed complete sequence identity with the heavy chain of Ann-II, and(More)
The molecular mechanisms that finely co-ordinate fibrin formation and fibrinolysis are now well defined. The structure and function of all major fibrinolytic proteins, which include serine proteases, their inhibitors, activators and receptors, have been characterized. Measurements of real time, dynamic molecular interactions during fibrinolysis of whole(More)
Annexin 2 is a profibrinolytic co-receptor for plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator that stimulates activation of the major fibrinolysin, plasmin, at cell surfaces. In human subjects, overexpression of annexin 2 in acute promyelocytic leukemia leads to a bleeding diathesis reflective of excessive cell surface annexin 2-dependent generation of(More)
In the preceding paper (Hajjar, K. A., Jacovina, A. T., and Chacko, J. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 21191-21197), we identified a M(r) = 40,000 endothelial cell receptor for tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen (PLG) as the calcium- and phospholipid-binding protein, annexin II (Ann-II). Here, we examined the effect of Ann-II on t-PA-dependent(More)
A central tenet of fibrinolysis is that tissue plasminogen activator-dependent (t-PA- dependent) conversion of plasminogen to active plasmin requires the presence of the cofactor/substrate fibrin. However, previous in vitro studies have suggested that the endothelial cell surface protein annexin II can stimulate t-PA-mediated plasminogen activation in the(More)
Gliomas are highly invasive, lethal brain tumors. Tumor-associated proteases play an important role in glioma progression. Annexin A2 is overexpressed in many cancers and correlates with increased plasmin activity on the tumor cell surface, which mediates degradation of extracellular matrix and promotes neoangiogenesis to facilitate tumor growth. In this(More)
Fibrinolysis is a precisely orchestrated process in which fibrin-containing thrombi are solubilized. Several receptors regulate this process by localizing proteolytic activity to the cell surface. One such receptor is annexin II, a calcium and phospholipid-binding protein. Annexin II serves as a profibrinolytic coreceptor for both plasminogen and tissue(More)
The annexins constitute a family of calcium-dependent membrane binding proteins. Recently, annexin II has been shown to accelerate the activation of the clot-dissolving protease plasmin by complexing with the plasmin precursor plasminogen and with tissue plasminogen activator. Binding of plasminogen to annexin II is inhibited by the atherogenic lipoprotein,(More)