Katherine A. B. Knostman

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Arenaviruses are rodent-borne negative strand RNA viruses and infection of these viruses in humans may result in disease and hemorrhagic fever. To date, supportive care, ribavirin, and in some cases immune plasma remain the foremost treatment options for arenaviral hemorrhagic fever. Research with the hemorrhagic fever causing-arenaviruses usually requires(More)
The sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) is a membrane transport glycoprotein normally expressed in the thyroid gland and lactating mammary gland. NIS is a target for radioiodide imaging and therapeutic ablation of thyroid carcinomas and has the potential for similar use in breast cancer treatment. To facilitate NIS-mediated radionuclide therapy, it is necessary(More)
The sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) is a membrane glycoprotein mediating active iodide uptake in the thyroid gland and is the molecular basis for radioiodide imaging and therapeutic ablation of thyroid carcinomas. NIS is expressed in the lactating mammary gland and in many human breast tumors, raising interest in similar use for diagnosis and treatment.(More)
STAT3 overexpression has been detected in several cancers including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Previous studies using intratumoral administration of a STAT3 decoy oligonucleotide that abrogates STAT3-mediated gene transcription in preclinical cancer models have demonstrated antitumor efficacy. This study was conducted to observe the(More)
Thyroid carcinomas are the most common endocrine neoplasms in humans, with a globally increasing incidence. Thyroid follicular cells and neuroendocrine (parafollicular) C cells are each susceptible to neoplastic transformation, resulting in thyroid cancers of differing phenotypes with unique associated genetic mutations and clinical outcomes. Over the past(More)
BACKGROUND RET/PTC1 chromosomal rearrangement is associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma formation in children exposed to ionizing radiation. We previously created a transgenic mouse model with thyroid-targeted constitutive RET/PTC1 expression and demonstrated papillary thyroid carcinoma formation. OBJECTIVE In this study, we aimed to create a(More)
Black cohosh rhizome (Actaea racemosa) is used as a remedy for pain and gynecological ailments; modern preparations are commonly sold as ethanolic extracts available as dietary supplements. Black cohosh was nominated to the National Toxicology Program (NTP) for toxicity testing due to its widespread use and lack of safety data. Several commercially(More)
Appropriate animal models are required to test medical countermeasures to bioterrorist threats. To that end, we characterized a nonhuman primate (NHP) inhalational anthrax therapeutic model for use in testing anthrax therapeutic medical countermeasures according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Animal Rule. A clinical profile was recorded for each(More)
An inhalation exposure system was characterized to deliver aerosolized monkeypox virus (MPXV), and a non-human primate (NHP) inhalation monkeypox model was developed in cynomolgus macaques. A head-only aerosol exposure system was characterized, and two sampling methods were evaluated: liquid impingement via an impinger and impaction via a gelatin filter.(More)