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This study describes the first known model of bone cancer pain in the rat. Sprague-Dawley rats receiving intra-tibial injections of syngeneic MRMT-1 rat mammary gland carcinoma cells developed behavioural signs indicative of pain, including: mechanical allodynia, difference of weight bearing between hind paws and mechanical hyperalgesia. The development of(More)
The excitatory neurotransmitter, glutamate, is particularly important in the transmission of pain information in the nervous system through the activation of ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. A potent, subtype-selective antagonist of the metabotropic glutamate-5 (mGlu5) receptor, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP), has now been(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5 receptor) is expressed in the cell bodies of rat primary afferent neurones. We have further investigated the function and expression of mGlu5 receptors in primary afferent neurones, and their role in inflammatory nociception. Freund's complete adjuvant-induced(More)
The vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1) is a cation channel expressed predominantly by nociceptive sensory neurons and is activated by a wide array of pain-producing stimuli, including capsaicin, noxious heat, and low pH. Although the behavioral effects of injected capsaicin and the VR1 antagonist capsazepine have indicated a potential role for VR1 in the generation(More)
Vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1) (TRPV1) is a ligand-gated ion channel expressed on sensory nerves that responds to noxious heat, protons, and chemical stimuli such as capsaicin. Herein, we have examined the activity of the VR1 antagonist capsazepine in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain in the rat, mouse, and guinea pig. In naïve animals,(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related joint disease characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and is associated with chronic pain. Although several experimental models of OA have been employed to investigate the underlying etiologies of the disease, there has been relatively little investigation into development of animal models of OA to study(More)
Children are at greater risk than adults of permanent brain damage and mortality following head injury or infection [1-5]. Rodent models have demonstrated a 'window of susceptibility' in young animals during which the brain parenchyma is at greater risk of acute neutrophil-mediated breakdown of the blood-brain barrier [6-7]. The exact mechanism of this(More)
Inflammatory processes occurring within the central nervous system (CNS) can produce 'illness induced behaviours' which include fever, sleep and the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia. Here we demonstrate the effects of the pro-inflammatory mediators, bacterial endotoxin, and rat recombinant interleukin 1 beta (rrIL-1 beta) or tumour necrosis(More)
1. Both clinical and preclinical models of postsurgical pain are being used more frequently in the early evaluation of new chemical entities. In order to assess the validity and reliability of a rat model of postincisional pain, the effects of different classes of clinically effective analgesic drugs were evaluated against multiple behavioural end points.(More)
The role of opioid receptors located in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system in inflammatory pain is well established. In contrast, although it is has been shown that mu agonists can reduce other manifestations of inflammation, such as edema, the mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we have activated mu receptors(More)