Learn More
Previous studies have demonstrated that the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5 receptor) is expressed in the cell bodies of rat primary afferent neurones. We have further investigated the function and expression of mGlu5 receptors in primary afferent neurones, and their role in inflammatory nociception. Freund's complete adjuvant-induced(More)
The vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1) is a cation channel expressed predominantly by nociceptive sensory neurons and is activated by a wide array of pain-producing stimuli, including capsaicin, noxious heat, and low pH. Although the behavioral effects of injected capsaicin and the VR1 antagonist capsazepine have indicated a potential role for VR1 in the generation(More)
Vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1) (TRPV1) is a ligand-gated ion channel expressed on sensory nerves that responds to noxious heat, protons, and chemical stimuli such as capsaicin. Herein, we have examined the activity of the VR1 antagonist capsazepine in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain in the rat, mouse, and guinea pig. In naïve animals,(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related joint disease characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and is associated with chronic pain. Although several experimental models of OA have been employed to investigate the underlying etiologies of the disease, there has been relatively little investigation into development of animal models of OA to study(More)
The role of opioid receptors located in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system in inflammatory pain is well established. In contrast, although it is has been shown that mu agonists can reduce other manifestations of inflammation, such as edema, the mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we have activated mu receptors(More)
1. Both clinical and preclinical models of postsurgical pain are being used more frequently in the early evaluation of new chemical entities. In order to assess the validity and reliability of a rat model of postincisional pain, the effects of different classes of clinically effective analgesic drugs were evaluated against multiple behavioural end points.(More)
Children are at greater risk than adults of permanent brain damage and mortality following head injury or infection [1-5]. Rodent models have demonstrated a 'window of susceptibility' in young animals during which the brain parenchyma is at greater risk of acute neutrophil-mediated breakdown of the blood-brain barrier [6-7]. The exact mechanism of this(More)
The anti-nociceptive and locomotor effects of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists (+)-epibatidine and ABT-594 were compared in the rat. Acute thermal nociception was measured using the tail flick test. Mechanical hyperalgesia was measured as paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) in response to a mechanical stimulus in two animal models of(More)
Inoculation of syngeneic MRMT-1 mammary tumour cells into one tibia of female rats produced tumour growth within the bone associated with a reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC), severe radiological signs of bone destruction, together with the development of behavioural mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia. Histological and(More)
Based on searches of EST databases for signal sequences and amphipathic helices, we have identified and cloned an angiopoietin-like gene, ANGPTL3. Multiple tissue Northern blots show that ANGPTL3 is expressed principally in the liver. ANGPTL3 is expressed early during liver development, and expression is maintained in adult liver. Human ANGPTL3 is a(More)