Katharine J Elliott

Learn More
In April 1995, the USDA Forest Service conducted a prescribed burn along with a south-facing slope of southern Appalachian watershed, Nantahala National Forest, western NC. Fire had been excluded for over 70 years and the purpose of the burn was to create a mosaic of fire intensities to restore a degraded pine/hardwood community and to stimulate forage(More)
Once daily s.c. administration of 5 mg/kg morphine, a mu-opioid agonist, or U50488H (U50), a kappa 1-opioid agonist, for 5 days in male CD-1 mice results in a 2-3-fold shift to the right of the respective analgesic (tail flick) dose-response curves, indicating the development of tolerance. Concurrent s.c. administration of the competitive NMDA receptor(More)
A rapid and sensitive solution hybridization assay was used to quantitate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor mRNA levels in the central nervous system (CNS) of rat, mouse and human. A riboprobe labelled with 32P was prepared from a plasmid containing a 1413 base sequence from the cDNA for the functional rat NMDA receptor subunit, NMDAR1. Using a full(More)
The CNS levels of mu opioid receptor (MOR-1) mRNA were determined by solution hybridization in rats treated chronically with morphine or naltrexone. Morphine treatment (2 x 75 mg pellets were implanted SC on Day 1 and 2 more on Day 4) resulted in the development of tolerance to morphine's antinociceptive (analgesic) effect, as assessed by the hot plate(More)
Sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is a common cause of pain in HIV-infected people. Establishing a diagnosis of HIV-SN is important, especially when contemplating opioid use in high-risk populations. However physical findings of HIV-SN may be subtle, and sensitive diagnostic tools require specialized expertise. We investigated the association between self-report(More)
Racemic (dl)-methadone has antagonist activity at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. We evaluated dl-methadone, the opioid active (l-) and the opioid inactive (d-) isomers in competition binding assays. dl-Methadone and its d- and l- isomers exhibited low micromolar affinities for the [3H]MK-801-labeled non-competitive site of the NMDA receptor in(More)
Tolerance to the antinociceptive (analgesic) effect of morphine, a mu-opioid agonist, was developed in male CD-1 mice as assessed by a shift to the right of the analgesic (tail-flick) dose-response curves and an increase in the ED50 values. Administration of dextromethorphan at 30 mg/kg s.c., but not saline, 30 min prior to an escalating 3 times per day(More)
BACKGROUND The development of tolerance complicates the use of morphine to manage persistent pain. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists can attenuate or reverse morphine tolerance. The authors studied ketamine's ability to modulate morphine tolerance. METHOD Tolerance was produced in mice given morphine subcutaneously and was assessed by a cumulative(More)
This laboratory perspective reviews the pharmagologic approaches that have been used in preclinical animal models to demonstrate the ability of competitive (LY274614) and noncompetitive (MK801 and dextromethorphan) N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists to attenuate or reverse the development of morphine tolerance. We provide additional data to(More)
The injection of dilute formalin results in a stereotyped nociceptive behavioral response. Administration of dextromethorphan (s.c.) but not saline, 30 min prior to intraplantar formalin injection prevents this nociceptive response in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, intraplantar formalin reliably induces c-fos mRNA in the ipsilateral spinal dorsal(More)