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Parkinson's disease is characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Symptoms do not appear until most nigral neurons are lost, implying that compensatory mechanisms are present. Sprouting has been proposed as one of these mechanisms. This study quantified the extent of compensatory axonal sprouting(More)
In neonatal mice, an acute injury produced by a stab wound to the cortex results in minimal astrocyte reactivity, as has been observed by others. However, if the source of the stab wound, a piece of nitrocellulose (NC) membrane, were now implanted in the cortex for a period of time (chronic NC implant injury), then extensive astroglial reactivity in the(More)
Sublethal injury triggers long-lasting sensitization of defensive responses in most species examined, suggesting the involvement of powerful evolutionary selection pressures [1]. In humans, this persistent nociceptive sensitization is often accompanied by heightened sensations of pain and anxiety [2]. While experimental [3] and clinical [4] evidence support(More)
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