Katharina Timper

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Type 1 diabetes is caused by autoimmune-mediated β cell destruction leading to insulin deficiency. The histone deacetylase SIRT1 plays an essential role in modulating several age-related diseases. Here we describe a family carrying a mutation in the SIRT1 gene, in which all five affected members developed an autoimmune disorder: four developed type 1(More)
Contracting muscle releases interleukin-6 (IL-6) enabling the metabolic switch from carbohydrate to fat utilization. Similarly, metabolism is switched during transition from fed to fasting state. Herein, we examined a putative role for IL-6 in the metabolic adaptation to normal fasting. In lean C57BL/6J mice, 6 h of food withdrawal increased gene(More)
Activation of Agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons potently promotes feeding, and chronically altering their activity also affects peripheral glucose homeostasis. We demonstrate that acute activation of AgRP neurons causes insulin resistance through impairment of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake into brown adipose tissue (BAT). AgRP neuron activation(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown the existence of a muscle-pancreas intercommunication axis in which CX3CL1 (fractalkine), a CX3C chemokine produced by skeletal muscle cells, could be implicated. It has recently been shown that the fractalkine system modulates murine β-cell function. However, the impact of CX3CL1 on human islet cells especially regarding(More)
I nhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a is an effective treatment for Crohn disease. It is recommended as a second-line therapy in steroid-dependent or-refractory disease, although first-line treatment may improve chances of intestinal mucosal healing (1). In the context of diabetes, TNF-a has been implicated in the development of insulin resistance(More)
UNLABELLED Exercise increases muscle derived Interleukin–6 (IL–6) leading to insulin secretion via glucagon-like peptide–1. IL–1 antagonism improves glycemia and decreases systemic inflammation including IL–6 in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, it is not known whether physiological, exercise-induced muscle-derived IL–6 is also regulated by the IL–1(More)
BACKGROUND In the emergency setting, non-traumatic headache is a benign symptom in 80% of cases, but serious underlying conditions need to be ruled out. Copeptin improves risk stratification in several acute diseases. Herein, we investigated the value of copeptin to discriminate between serious secondary headache and benign headache forms in the emergency(More)
Uridine-diphosphate (UDP) and its receptor P2Y6 have recently been identified as regulators of AgRP neurons. UDP promotes feeding via activation of P2Y6 receptors on AgRP neurons, and hypothalamic UDP concentrations are increased in obesity. However, it remained unresolved whether inhibition of P2Y6 signaling pharmacologically, globally, or restricted to(More)
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