Learn More
INTRODUCTION Maternal body mass index has an impact on maternal and fetal pregnancy outcome. An increased maternal BMI is known to be associated with admission of the newborn to a neonatal care unit. The reasons and impact of this admission on fetal outcome, however, are unknown so far. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myocardial fibrosis is an unwanted effect associated with chronic renal failure. The adenosine system is involved in cardiac and renal function. Therefore, we investigated the novel selective adenosine A(1) receptor antagonist SLV320 focusing on its potential in preventing cardiomyopathy in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
OBJECTIVES The nitric oxide-soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)-cGMP signal transduction pathway is impaired in different cardiovascular diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and arterial hypertension. Riociguat is a novel stimulator of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). However, little is known about the effects of sGC stimulators in(More)
Cardiovascular mortality is remarkably high in patients who are on hemodialysis. Soluble CD154 (sCD154), a protein that belongs to the TNF receptor superfamily, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atheromatous plaque destabilization and thrombotic events. The predictive value of sCD154 as a marker for clinical outcome in patients with ESRD was(More)
Hypertensive heart disease is a major contributor to cardiovascular mortality. Endothelin is a potent vasoconstrictive and profibrotic mediator produced by the endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE), whereas natriuretic peptides, degraded by the neutral endopeptidase (NEP), have diuretic, vasodilatory, and antifibrotic properties. Thus, combined ECE/NEP(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is one of the most potent biologic vasoconstrictors. Nevertheless, transgenic mice that overexpress ET-1 exhibit normal BP. It was hypothesized that vascular effects of ET-1 may be antagonized by an increase of the endothelial counterpart of ET-1, nitric oxide (NO), which is produced by the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) as well as chronic renal failure are associated with a huge mortality/morbidity. However, so far no drugs have been approved for the treatment of acute kidney failure and only a few for the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We analysed the effect of SLV338, a neutral endopeptidase (NEP)/endothelin converting(More)
1. Chronic renal disease is associated with oxidative stress, reduced nitric oxide (NO) availability and soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) dysfunction. Recently, we discovered BAY 58-2667, a compound activating heme-deficient or oxidized sGC in a NO-independent manner. 2. We assessed potential of BAY 58-2667 in preventing cardiac and renal target organ damage(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD); however, the mechanisms are poorly understood. The endothelin system exhibits potent pro-fibrotic properties and is known to be stimulated in peritoneal fibrosis. Thus, our study aimed at elucidating the impact of the endothelin B (ETB) receptor on peritoneal membrane(More)
Activation of the endothelin (ET) system promotes vasoconstriction, inflammation, and fibrosis in various tissues, including the lung. Therefore, ET-1 transgenic mice overexpressing ET-1 develop pulmonary fibrosis in a slow, age-dependent manner. In vivo, NO is the most important counterregulatory mediator of the ET system and decreases ET-1 promoter(More)